Concept of ruh (soul) in Islam
“The soul is one of the things,
of which the knowledge is only with my Lord.
And of knowledge, you (mankind) have been given only a little.”
Please tell me what is the concept of ruh (soul) in Islam. Is it forever (we’re told in the Qur’an that only Allah is immortal)? Is ruh or soul going to enter in jannat/jahannum [Heaven/Hell] or is it the body? Is it also present in animals and plants?
I will be really thankful to you. Was-salam.
Topic: Heart & Soul
Name of Counsellor: Waleed Ahmed Najmeddine
Thank you for your question. It is a topic that many of us wonder about. When we research carefully the issue of life after death, we find that no other religion has as much information to offer as Islam does.
The combination of the Qur’an and the authentic traditions of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) together provide us with all of the information and guidance we need to live a righteous life and maintain a close personal relationship with Allah, the One and Only Creator of mankind.
Knowledge of the nature of the soul, however, is only with Allah, as we read in the Qur’an what means,
- [And they ask you concerning the soul. Say: “The soul is one of the things, of which the knowledge is only with my Lord. And of knowledge, you (mankind) have been given only a little.”] (Al-Israa’ 17:85)
This verse was revealed to Prophet Muhammad when some Jews asked him about the soul. When they asked him, he kept quiet and did not give them an answer for a while. The Prophet’s Companion who witnessed this incident says “I knew that he was receiving revelation, so I stayed where I was. When the revelation was complete, the Prophet said, ‘And they ask you concerning the soul…'” (Al-Bukhari).
An Eternal Soul?
With respect to the eternity of the soul, Allah reveals in the Qur’an that there was a time that we did not exist except, of course, in Allah’s infinite knowledge.
- [Has there not been over Man a long period of Time, when he was nothing — not even mentioned? Verily We created Man from a drop of mingled fluid, in order to try him: So We gave him (the gifts), of Hearing and Sight.] (Al-Insan 76:1-2)
- [But He (Allah) fashioned him (Man) in due proportion and breathed into him something of His spirit. And He gave you the faculties of hearing and sight and feeling and understanding: Little thanks do you give!] (As-Sajdah 32:9)
Therefore, according to the Qur’an, there was a time when we did not exist. But once we have been brought into existence, by Allah’s will, we shall remain in existence for the rest of eternity. We are born, we live, we die, and we are raised up again to stand before Allah on the Day of Judgement.
At the time of death, the soul is taken from the body by the Angel of Death. It is later returned to the body once it has been buried. The grave for each of us will either be a pleasant place to wait for Judgement Day, or it may be a terrible place to wait if we were not righteous believers in this life. When Judgement Day comes, Allah will re-create us as He did the first time.
- [Does man think that We cannot assemble his bones? Nay, We are able to put together in perfect order the very tips of his fingers.] (Al-Qiyamah 75:3-4)
Body and Spirit
This resurrection will be in body and in spirit, and this is easy for Allah, having earlier created us from nothing. After judgement has been made by Allah as to who shall enter Paradise and who shall enter the Hell-fire, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) tells us that
- on the Day of Resurrection, Death will be brought forward in the shape of a black-and-white ram. Then a call maker will call, “O people of Paradise!” Thereupon they will stretch their necks and look carefully. The caller will say, “Do you know this?” They will say, “Yes, this is Death.” By then, all of them will have seen it. Then it will be announced again, “O people of Hell!” They will stretch their necks and look carefully. The caller will say, “Do you know this?” They will say, “Yes, this is Death.” And by then, all of them will have seen it. Then it will be slaughtered and the caller will say, “O people of Paradise! Eternity for you and no death; O people of Hell! Eternity for you and no death.” (Al-Bukhari)
So we can see from this hadith that life for us will clearly be eternal. After resurrection, there will no longer be death. Either we will be admitted to Paradise by Allah’s mercy and spend eternity there, or we will be cast into the Hell-fire to spend eternity there, or for as long as Allah wishes.
A Soul for All?
Everything that Allah created has a soul. Some of them fulfil the roles that Allah has set for them and do exactly what they were created to do.
This includes the plant and animal kingdoms, the mountains, seas and oceans, planets, stars, for example, as each of them worships Allah in their own way. They do not have a free will as do humans and the Jinn.
We are told in the Qur’an that Allah offered a trust to the heavens and the earth, but out of fear that they would not be able to handle the responsibilities laid upon them, they declined the offer, while only humanity took up the offer of this free choice.
- [We did indeed offer the Trust to the heavens and the earth and the mountains, but they refused to undertake it, being afraid thereof: But Man undertook it; He was indeed unjust and foolish.] (Al-Ahzab 33:72)
This refers to responsibility of free choice to either accept commands and prohibitions, and the conditions that go along with them, or to choose to disobey. This means that the one who fulfills this responsibility will be rewarded and the one who neglects it will be punished.
Man accepted this despite the fact that he is weak and unjust. Only those who Allah guides and helps will be able to carry out the responsibilities placed on them. These are the ones who guard the Trust faithfully.
Everything, however, worships Allah in its own way. Trees, animals, rocks, mountains, and planets, all glorify Allah.
- [Whatever is in the heavens and on earth, declares the Praises and Glory of Allah. For He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.] (Al-Hashr 59:1)
The evidence of Allah’s existence is found throughout His wonderful creation. Every cell, every atom, and every quark in the universe bear the signs of Allah. We study the universe and find that it is, to the best of our knowledge, limitless when compared to our own existence. It is impossible to fathom the depth and width of it all. Each and every part of it fulfills its duty as Allah has planned.
When we explore the makeup of atoms we find that there is an equally vast universe within the tiniest components that make up the one in which we live.
On the last day, all of it will be caused to disappear and only Allah will remain.
- [And call not, besides Allah, on another god. There is no god but He. Everything will perish except His own Face. To Him belongs the Command, and to Him will you all be brought back.] (Al-Qasas 28:88)
Allah will call upon the Angel of Death to take the lives of each of His creatures until there will be no one left but Allah and the Angel of Death.
- [Every soul shall taste death] (Aal `Imran 3:185)
Allah will then take the angel’s life and nothing will remain except Him. He will then call out, “To whom belongs all things this day?” There will, of course, be no one to answer. One way or another, there can be no one other than Allah to answer this question.
- [The Day whereon they will (all) come forth: Not a single thing concerning them is hidden from Allah. Whose will be the dominion that Day?” That of Allah, the One, the Irresistible!] (Ghafir 40:16)
There being no one and nothing to answer, Allah will Himself answer by saying, “Allah, the One, the Irresistible.” To Him belongs all things and to Him is the return.
I hope this was helpful to you. Please keep in touch.
Self, soul and Personality
Life Before Life?
Nature of the Human Soul
Does God Have a Spirit?
Returning of One’s soul in the Grave
Do souls Know Their Fate After Death?
The Return of One’s soul After Death
Waleed Ahmed Najmeddine is currently employed as assistant principal at the new Edmonton Islamic Academy, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. His work involves school administrative duties and instruction of Islamic Studies courses.
He also serves the Muslim community through the Canadian Islamic Centre (Al Rashid Mosque) providing information about the mosque and Islam to non-Muslims, and hosting visits by community and religious groups.
People Soul and Love
People say heart is the center of body and heart is home of emotion and heart let connect to people by ways and channels among. and as we need medium to communicate like channels and ways.
As a matter of understanding heart is nothing but soul is everything. Heart pumps blood only. and This Soul is enrich and blessed with diverse channels and un imaginable powers from Allah. A heart can communicate with ways of eyes,ears and hands where as this soul in independent of channels. that can deliver a message to other soul away in distance and sight.
Allah created human being as superior and as a matter of understanding this soul make us superior.
with this superiority comes a responsibility and with this responsibility comes a seek and that seek lead us to the path and that path is so simple and straight and take us to ALLAH Almighty.
Love is Purity of feelings and sentiments. A tear and a smile and so many ways to express these emotions.
In times Love being the most beautiful subject and emotion in humans. Its a sentiment and a feeling and in times its being narrated in beautiful ways and enrich with words. Love is feeling that connect people to people. Love is also a connection to Creator but few of people have this purity of love achieved.
To few people this love lies in things and they will see this love and feel this love in things. To Few people this love lies among other peoples and they search in people. To the very few of the people this love and purity of feeling is devoted to the Creator.
This world in unique in ways :
People get what ever they want
Things will be so attractive to those who love these things
Who want a thing that thing will be everything to that person
Who want a person that person will be everything for that person
Eventually a person will be given with that things and with all goods and bads
A thing and a person comes with a good and bad. so when we love them madly and fall in their attraction we have to face both their attraction and distraction.
Many people like things like:
A pen, a cup, a book, a laptop, a bangle, a bracelet, a pendent, a chain, people love metals like Gold,Silver, People like stones like gemstones: Robbi , diamond(Carbon) etc. There will be n numbers of stones and so many metals and so many things around. Homes, cars, games, Football, Tennis, Cricket etc.
This world is Unique : You can see this world was not created for things but for people to live. But people are not living but falling in love with things and looking for things or falling for people around. As an understanding all things or people are here to be lived with. And the only Ultimate way or Existence to be Love is Creator.
Whoever Love the Creator will eventually blessed and bliss-ed with all these things and people with ways more clear and straight.
~ Rumi image: Adrian Limani
#fate #heart #soul #God
People who seek
Every creatures we see or cant see in this universe is purposeful and doing an assign job. Only and Only Human-being is allowed to decide and have power of choice and decision and selection and this is the reason its superior of creatures as he is the only who got soul. As all creatures have a purpose similarly humanbeing has a purpose and all his life its seems he is in search of it. Few find it quickly and few find it late and few remain in search all life. and this purpose seems to be linked with satisfaction. and many of human link there liked purpose to their satisfaction and stay lost in that satisfaction. only few of them reach the ultimate satisfaction that also comes from the Creator with realization of ALLAH and believe on HIM. as all knowledge and wisdom comes from ALLAH similarly this satisfaction and purposes are also blessed from ALLAH. People who seek it and have thirst and hunger for that path eventually get it as this blessing is for those who seek this path and seek it passionately and from core of their hearts as this is soothe of soul. as this body satisfaction lies in pleasures but still the real smoothness hidden in soul satisfaction. And that comes when you connect to God. with Faith and trust and deep enthusiasm and indulgence and repentance to ALLAH. will result a satisfaction called spiritual way of faith and a life our soul live. All praises to ALLAH , Most Merciful and Beneficient. The Only Creator of all creatures.
#humanbing #creatures #islam #knowledge #rightpath #soul
Was sitting in a hospital,
People with sad faces and ill but still so hopeful for getting healthy and gay face.
I was thinking like does that matters the color or skin or how perfect we are or intellectual we are? No nothing matters. Even we always looking for a perfect face with perfect features but our harmony with the soul comes first. Like you will feel in comfort with very few friends even they do not get perfect or even wealthy but they world of inner self is far away from the world of perfection and even imagination and fantasy. All our life we kept on merging both but we never get a remedy for it and when nothing left we keep on fixing all we did to our self and others.
Try not to suppress worldly perfections to the inner world you have. And neither be fanatic stay on ground and still your heart will feel and beat and you can still breath and still you can have the people who make your life so beautiful charming and worth living.
All you need to remove the dust of times that clutter your inner-self.
God says only matters how much a person is close to me and when you are going to love something or a person it should be due to me so none of us follow it and still being a believer believe that this life will be blessed one with the one we loved due to any future. But only matters when you believe on divine and word of Allah Almighty. There is no doubt in Holy Quran so lets begin with the Way it want us to follow.
At least change the way you think your life as well for people and try to change the way you think. Things can never change without any actions or without any change as even turning on a light we need an effort and to change. We have to put a little effort with faith.
The only weather you love the most is the weather inside
And Its only the time that make sense out of no sense and turn nothing to something and dreams to words and henceforth actions of perfection
There is a strong relationship between want and give that begin by giving you have, and you will have all in return just trust Allah not people.
When you desire and want to be admired just start acting and give others the same you can. You will be no more away from things you want.
Look down and stay close to earth even you live in skies because Allah gifted you a soul captured in body enrich with emotions and full of colors.
|Stay Down to Earth
Love is not a state its actually nature of your heart …
Its the world of your heart …
Rythms of emotions …
Coloured with feelings …
Its not what all you want …
Its everything you feel and desire everyone to acknowledge …
Its above chemistry and physics of body …its deeply indulged in soul …
Its source to knowledge …
Its an inspiration …its an institution …
Its purity is more than the word pure …
Its something un-explainable with world of words …
Its so blue more then sky and deeper than sea …
No height is higher and no depth is deeper than love …
Love do not need explanations, its a world of fidelity …
I Wish and pray everyone blessed with the Love