Muslim Heritage


This page contains a full list of the publications published on this website. The MuslimHeritage.com website contains hundreds of articles and many of them are shortened summaries extracted from the following academic publications.
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FULL ARTICLE – Intro’ to the Islamic City, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4012
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

Selection of videos on Muslim Heritage:
FULL ARTICLE – A review of Muslim Geography, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4013
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE – Education in Islam, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4015
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE – Muslim Historians, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4016
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE – Contribution to Chemistry, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4017
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE – Intro’ to Musilm Agriculture, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4018
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE – Intro’ to Muslim Astronomy, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4019
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE – Muslim Observatories, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4020
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE – Civil Eng. – Dam Construction, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4021
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2001, 2002

FULL ARTICLE – Piri Reis World Maps, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4022
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2001, 2002

FULL ARTICLE – Islamic Social Sciences, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4023
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2001, 2002

FULL ARTICLE – Islam and Science, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4024
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2001, 2002

FULL ARTICLE: Introduction to Muslim Science, by: Dr. Salah Zaimeche
Whilst the period of Antiquity, the time of Greco-Roman civilisation, and the Renaissance receive high praise, the period in between (late fifth to the late fifteenth) is highly obscured. Read about those 1000 years of missing history.

FULL ARTICLE – Architecture of Muslim Spain, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4026
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2001, 2002

FULL ARTICLE – Architecture of the Abbassid, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4027
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2001, 2002

FULL ARTICLE – Architecture under Umayyads, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4028
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2001, 2002

FULL ARTICLE – Intro’ to Islamic Architecture, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4030
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2001, 2002

FULL ARTICLE – The Arch that never sleeps, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4031
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2001, 2002

FULL ARTICLE – Muslim Rocket Technology, by: Professor M. Mansour
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4036
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE – Muslim Control Eng., by: Professor M. Mansour
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4035
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE – Urinary Stone Disease, by: A M Dajani
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4040
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE – Interior Architecture of Desert Climate, by: Mr. Hadi Ali Shateh
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4037
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE – Abbasid Gardens, by: Prof. Dr. Qasim Al-Samarrai
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4038
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE – The Contribution of Ibn Sina to Earth Sciences., by: Dr. Munim M. Al-Rawi
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4039
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE – Aspects of the Islamic Influence on Science and Learning in the Christian West, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4040
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE – Muslim Architecture Under Seljuk Patronage (1038-1327), by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4041
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE – Aspects of Mineralogy and Gemology, by: Professor Abdulkader M.Abed
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4043
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: The Little Known Tolerant and Humane Aspects of Muslim Civilisation, by: Salah Zaimeche BA, MA, PhD
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4044
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Ibn Hazm’s Philosophy and Thoughts on Science, by: Prof Salim al Hassani
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4045
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Islamic Coins during the Umayyad, Abbasid, Andalusian and Fatimid Dynasties, by: Wijdan Ali PhD.
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4046
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Mamluks, by: FSTC
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4047
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Spain’s Islamic Heritage: A Muslim’s Travelogue, by: Prof S M Ghazanfar
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4050
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: The Arab Contribution to Music of the Western World, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4052
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: The Muslim Carpet and the Origin of Carpeting, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4053
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Classical Science and Related Institutions within the Ottoman Administration, by: Salim Ayduz PhD
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4054
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: The Madrasas of the Ottoman Empire, by: Prof Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4055
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Ottoman Educational Institutions during the Reform Period, by: Prof Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4057
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: The Dialogue of Civilisations: Islamic Influences on European Renaissance, by: Prof S.M Ghazanfar
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4057
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: The Impact of Islam on Urban Development in North Africa, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4056
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: The Ottoman Ulema (Scholars), by: Prof Mehmet Ipsirli
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4059
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Myths and Fallacies Surrounding the Decline of Muslim Civilisation, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4060
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: The Mamluks in History, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4061
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Ottoman Cash Waqfs Revisited: The Case of Bursa 1555- 1823, by: Prof Murat Cizakca
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4062
COPYRIGHT: �© FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Celestial Globes Armillary Spheres, by: Jonathan Chang
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4063
COPYRIGHT�© FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Muslim Architecture under Ottoman Patronage (1326-1924), by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4064
COPYRIGHT© FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Introduction to Muslim Art, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4065
COPYRIGHT�© FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Turkish Contributions to Scientific Work in Islam, by: Prof Aydin Sayili
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4066
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FULL ARTICLE: Al-Qayrawan (Tunisia), by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4067
COPYRIGHT�© FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Constellations, Fixed Stars and the Zodiac in Islamic Astronomy, by: Salim Ayduz PhD
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4068
COPYRIGHT�© FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: The Impact of Islamic Science and Learning on England, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4069
COPYRIGHT© FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Morocco as a Great Centre of Islamic Science and Civilisation, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4070
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Sicily, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4071
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Granada – The Last Refuge of Muslims in Spain, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4072
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: The Map of America by Pîrî Reis, by: Professsor Sevim Tekeli
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4073
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Turkish Contributions to Philosophical Culture, by: Professor Mehmet Aydin
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4074
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Decoding and Demystifying Da Vinci, by: Dr Zohor Shanan Idrisi
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4075
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Samarkand, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4076
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Merv, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4077
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Aleppo , by: FSTC Ltd
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4078
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Damascus, by: FSTC Ltd
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4079
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: The Observational Instruments of Istanbul Observatory, by: Professor Sevim Tekeli
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4080
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Hama, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4081
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Jerusalem, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4082
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Central Asian Contributions to the earlier phases of hospital building , by: Prof Aydin Sayili
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4083
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Balkh Mosque, by: FSTC Ltd
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4084
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Ravy (Rayy), by: FSTC Ltd
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4085
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE:Cairo, by: FSTC Ltd
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4086
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE:Acoustic Solutions in Classic Ottoman Architecture, by: Professor Mutbul Kayili
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4087
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: The Muslims Agricultural Revolution and its Influence on Europe, by: Dr Zohor Idrisi
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4088
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Baghdad, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4089
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Jewel of Chinese Muslims Heritage , by: Mohammed Khamouch
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4090
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: A Look at the Topic ‘Zinyet’ (beauty) in the Canon by Ibn Sina, by: Professor Nil Akdeniz Sari
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4091
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Toledo, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4092
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Malaga, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4093
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Using an Astrolabe, by: Dr Emily Winterburn
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4094
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Seville, by: Dr Salah Zaimeche
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4095
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Scholars of Muslim Heritage: Professor Aydin Sayili, by: Professor Mubahat Turker-Kuyel
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4096
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Educating the Ottoman Physician, by: Professor Nil Sari
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4097
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: George Sarton and The History of Science, by: Professor Aydin Sayili
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4098
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE – Bediuzzaman and The Nursi Movement2, by: Dr. Talip Alp
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PUBLICATION NUMBER:
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2006

FULL ARTICLE – The Economic Theory of Ibn Khaldun and the Rise and Fall of Nations, by: Dr. Selim Cafer Karatas
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 401
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2006

FULL ARTICLE – Seeking Seamless Celestial Globes: An Interview with Emilie Savage-Smith, by: Najma Kazi
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 387
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2006

FULL ARTICLE – The Miracle of Light, by: H. Salih, M. Al-Amri and M. El Gomati
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 385
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2006

FULL ARTICLE – Artillery Trade of the Ottoman Empire, by: Dr. Salim Ayduz
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 610
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2006

FULL ARTICLE – Islamic Science of Weights (Original), by: Prof. Mohammed Abattouy
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FULL ARTICLE – Islamic Art as a Means of Cultural Exchange, by: H.R.H. Princess Wijdan Ali
With the expansion of Islam over a vast area of land, Muslim artists started to develop the traits they had borrowed from other civilizations, and created their own styles, motifs and fashion which conformed to the teachings of their own religion, thus shaping their own aesthetics.

FULL ARTICLE – Islam and the Origins of Contemporary Western Civilisation, by: Abdul-Hafez Helmy Mohammad
The contemporary Western civilisation is a great florescence and a wide-spectrum development of the preceding Islamic civilisation. The Islamic civilisation was a ring in the eternal chain of human progress, which opened its heart and mind to preceding civilisations, whatever might have been their sources and trends.

FULL ARTICLE – Turkish Medical History of the Seljuk Era, by: Prof. Dr. Ali Haydar Bayat
The science of medicine in the Turkish Seljuks was a continuation of the experience and knowledge of the Islamic medicine through the Seljuk geography. Hospitals that existed in the Muslim world before the Seljuks were developed and spread by them.

FULL ARTICLE – The Ottoman Empire and Europe: Cultural Encounters, by: Prof. Dr. Gunsel Renda
This article mainly covers the cultural encounters between Europe and the Ottomans who had become immediate neighbours on the Balkans and the Mediterranean after the Ottoman state expanded into Central Europe.

FULL ARTICLE – The Birth of the Science of Weights (Roman), by: Prof. Mohammed Abattouy
The paper brings out the contribution of Muslim scholars in the subject of mechanics; a subject hitherto little known. It analyzes historical significance of the Arabic science of weights.

FULL ARTICLE – Islamic Science of Weights (Roman), by: Prof. Mohammed Abattouy
This article includes the recent work by Professor Abattouy and his co-workers. The work has revealed the enormous wealth of Islamic literature on the science of weights. Their findings established that there is much larger account than usually assumed in history of science.

FULL ARTICLE – The Modern Hospital in Medieval Islam, by: Prof. Dr. Aydin Sayili
The hospital was one of the most developed institutions of medieval Islam and one of the high-water marks of the Muslim civilisation. The hospitals of medieval Islam were hospitals in the modern sense of the word

FULL ARTICLE – The Place of Central Asia in the History of Science and Culture, by: Prof. Dr. Aydin Sayili
Abu Ja`far Muhammad ibn Mûsâ al-Khwârazmî is a truly outstanding personality and a foremost representative of the supremacy of the Islamic World during the Middle Ages. Medieval Islam was largely responsible for the shaping of the canon of knowledge that dominated medieval European thought.

FULL ARTICLE – Transfer of Islamic Technology to the West, by: Prof. Dr. Ahmad Y. al-Hassan
The article covers the avenues which led to the transfer of the Islamic knowledge, from Al Andalus, Sicily and Byzantium to the Wars (crusades on the Islamic World), as well as commercial relations and also the translation of Arabic works.

FULL ARTICLE: Transfer of Modern Science and Technology to the Ottoman State, by: Dr. Salim Ayduz
Previous researches show that there are many translation activities in different fields in the eighteenth century. This article will provide a short introduction to the history of scientific activities in the Ottoman world until the eighteenth century.

FULL ARTICLE: The Emergence of Scientific Tradition in Islam, by: Prof. Alparslan Acikgenc
The definition and nature of science has long been an intriguing philosophical dilemma. In this essay Prof. Acikgenc discusses the substance of science, and related issues such as the scientific community, within an Islamic context.

FULL ARTICLE: Pioneers of Automatic Control Systems , by: Prof. Atilla Bir and Assoc. Dr. Mustafa Kacar

Although, the feedback concept which is lying in the foundation of dynamic systems has been perceived relative recently, the idea was understood and applied correctly by the Muslim scientists.

FULL ARTICLE: An Overview of Ottoman Scientific Activities, by: Prof. Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu
The scientific activities observed within the borders of the Ottoman Empire throughout the six centuries of history of the Ottomans displayed a unique course of development. Although the Ottomans had many shared elements from the viewpoint of historical heritage and tradition with the other Islamic societies remaining outside of the Ottoman Empire, they also had some differences due to the geographical location.

FULL ARTICLE: Contribution of Khwârazmî to Mathematics and Geography, by: Dr. N. Akmal Ayyubi
Mûsâ Al-Khwârazmî is one of the greatest scientific minds of the medieval period and most important Muslim mathematician who was justly called the ‘father of algebra’.

FULL ARTICLE: Attempts of Flight, Automatic Machines and Rocket Technology in Turkish History, by: Prof. Arslan Terzioglu
In the Islamic world, great importance was placed upon the study of natural sciences and technology. This article brings out some of the important works of Turkish Muslim scholars in the fields of automatic machines, clocks and rocket technology.

FULL ARTICLE: The “Observation Well”, by: Prof. Aydin Sayili
Observation wells received much historical interest relating to observatories. In this article Prof. Sayili describes the history of “observation wells” both in Islamic and European worlds.

FULL ARTICLE: Better Directions at Sea: The Piri Reis Innovation, by: Prof. Thomas D. Goodrich
The Ottoman Turk Pîrî Reis is truly a great figure in the history of cartography. Pîrî Reis has become well known for his two world maps and for his portolan, the Kitab-i Bahriye. By merging text and maps into one he tried to help sailors get where they want to go safely; he improved maritime directions.

FULL ARTICLE: The Art of Calligraphy in the Ottoman Empire, by: Prof. M. Ugur Derman
Ottoman Turks produced and perfected several varieties of Arabic script. All the various branches of the art of calligraphy, an art greatly loved and respected by the Ottoman Turks, were flourished particularly in the city of Istanbul.

FULL ARTICLE: Muslim Historians , by: Dr. Salah Zaimeche
The study of history has received a great deal of attention from Muslims over the centuries, from the time of the Prophet to modernity. This short article details some of the early historians and their work after the 15th Century. The historians considered in this short article are but a few names in a multitude of Muslim writers on history.

FULL ARTICLE: Scientific Contacts and Influences Between Islamic World and Europe:Case of Astronomy, by: Prof. Paul Kunitzsch
For more than a thousand years the Muslim East and the Christian West, notwithstanding the differences in matters of creed, ideology and social traditions and the intervening opposition of defenders of orthodoxy on both sides, cultivated science in mutual contact.

FULL ARTICLE: Logical Necessities in Mixed Equations By Abd Al-Hamîd Ibn Turk and the Algebra , by: Aydin Sayili
The famed Muslim scholar Al-Kwarazmi has long been known as the father of Algebra. In this article, Aydin Sayili presents an alternative view of the inception and development of Algebra.

FULL ARTICLE: Alfraganus and the Elements of Astronomy, by: Assoc. Prof. Yavuz Unat
Al-Farghânî, known in the West as Alfraganus , was one of the most famous astronomers of the 9th century. His book, Elements of Astronomy, written in 833 CE remained as the most popular text book on astronomy until the 15th century, both in the West and in the East.

FULL ARTICLE: The Article on the Quality of the Observations , by: Prof. Sevim Tekeli
Astronomy has for a long time been of keen interest of Muslims throughout centuries. This article by Professor Sevim Tekeli highlights the quality and precision of observations made by al-Urdi.

Quality of Observations, by: Prof. Sevim Tekeli
Astronomy has for a long time been of keen interest of Muslims throughout centuries. This article by Professor Sevim Tekeli highlights the quality and precision of observations made by al-Urdi.

FULL ARTICLE: Ottoman Maritime Arsenals , by: Prof. Idris Bostan
In this article Prof. Idris Bostan describes Ottoman shipbuilding efforts and achievements within the broader context of the progression of military technology and capability.

FULL ARTICLE: Mapping and Picturing: Maps as Records of History, by: Prof. Gunsel Renda
A study of historical maps and sea charts indicates that cartographers have often considered map making as an art as well as a science and aimed to record the different parts of the world not only with their topographical details but also with their history.

FULL ARTICLE: Calendars and Almanac in Islamic Civilization , by: Dr. Salim Ayduz
From early on Muslim scholars began to follow the movements of the sun and the moon in their endeavour to accurately measure time, and came to play a leading role in the advance of astronomical science.

FULL ARTICLE: Safi al-Din al-Urmawi and the Theory of Music, by: Dr. Fazli Arslan
In this detailed and well documented article, Dr. Fazli Arslan describes the work of one of the most important figures of the history of Middle Eastern music, Safi al-Din ‘Abd al-Mu’min al-Urmawi.

A Shared Legacy: Islamic Science East and West, by: FSTC Limited
The International Union of The History and Philosophy of Science – Commission on History of Science & Technology in Islamic Societies organizes an important conference.

FULL ARTICLE: The Valuable Contributions of al-Razi (Rhazes) in the History of Pharmacy, by: Dr. Sharif Kaf Al-Ghazal
Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariyya al-Razi was a physician, a chemist and a philosopher. In medicine, his contribution was so significant that it can only be compared to that of Ibn Sina.Al-Razi was also the first in the Islamic medical tradition to write a book based on home medical (remedial) advise entitled Man la yahduruhu al-tibb for the general public.

FULL ARTICLE: Al-Zahrawi (Albucasis) the Great Andalusian Surgeon, by: Dr. Sharif Kaf Al-Ghazal
Abu al-Qasim Khalaf ibn ‘Abbas al-Zahrawi (936-1013 CE) was simply the greatest Muslim surgeon. The European physicians and surgeons regarded him as a greater authority than even Galen, the ancient world’s acknowledged master.

FULL ARTICLE: The Origin of Bimaristans (Hospitals) in Islamic Medical History, by: Dr. Sharif Kaf Al-Ghazal
The physicians in the Islamic world put in mind to follow a precise system inside the hospitals so that it would be based upon academic graduation which fulfills two aims: First, the welfare of the patients to be dealt with their treatment according to the updated rules of medical treatment. Second, Bimaristans used for teaching medicine to the newly graduated physicians responsible to treat patients successfully. Therefore the Bimaristans in the Islamic world followed all the technical rules that fulfilled the two purposes together.

FULL ARTICLE: The Influence of Islamic Philosophy and Ethics on the Development of Medicine , by: Dr. Sharif Kaf Al-Ghazal
Although Islamic philosophy is of great diversity and richness, it is characterized by certain features that are of special significance for both an understanding of it and for an appraisal of its impact on the world at large.

FULL ARTICLE: Ibn al-Nafis and the Discovery of Pulmonary Circulation, by: Dr. Sharif Kaf Al-Ghazal
The major original contribution of Ibn al-Nafis that had a great significance in history was his discovery of the pulmonary circulatory, which was re-discovered by modern science after a lapse of three centuries. He was the first to correctly describe the constitution of the lungs and give a description of the bronchi and the interaction between the human body’s vessels for air and blood. Also, he elaborated the function of the coronary arteries as feeding the cardiac muscle.

FULL ARTICLE: The Legacy of Muslim Kung Fu Masters, by: Master Mohammed Khamouch
An important legacy of Islam in China is represented by Muslim Kung Fu, developed throughout history by Muslim Masters, who merged in their endeavour and training between physical and spiritual perfection. The following short survey by Mohammed Khamouch and the longer article referred to below by the same author analyse this legacy and shed light on its different historicfal and cultural dimensions.

FULL ARTICLE: Süleymaniye Medical Madrasa (Dar al-Tib) in the History of Ottoman Medicine, by: Dr. Salim Ayduz
This article discusses the emergence and origins of institutional Ottoman medical practice and learning, and provides an insight into the trade of expertise between the Ottoman provinces and further a field. It focuses on the Süleymaniye medical school built by Süleyman the Magnificent in the middle of the 16th century in Istanbul.

FULL ARTICLE: Ottoman Mining and Metal Working in the Balkans, by: Prof. H.H. Günhan Danisman
The article deals with the impact of Ottoman mining and metal working technology in the Balkans region on the fire-arms technology of Southeast Europe during the crucial period going from the 15th century through to the 17th century.

FULL ARTICLE: Sinan – A Great Ottoman Architect and Urban Designer, by: FSTC Limited
Sinan, called Mimar Sinan (Architect Sinan) and Mimar Koca Sinan (Great Architect Sinan), is the most celebrated of all Ottoman architects. In this article by Dr. Rabah Saoud, his architectural models are characterised. These models that perfected in the construction of mosques and other buildings, served as the basic themes for virtually all later Ottoman religious and civic architecture.

FULL ARTICLE: The Arabic Partial Version of Pseudo-Aristotle’s Mechanical Problems, by: Prof. Mohammed Abattouy
Based on manuscript evidence, the article presents a study of the historical and textual traditions of a fragment of Arabic mechanics which is also edited in Arabic and translated into English. This fragment, entitled Nutaf min al-hiyal, presents an Arabic translation of the theoretical part of the Probelama mechanica, a famous treatise of ancient mechanics attributed to Aristotle.

FULL ARTICLE: Hindiba – A Drug for Cancer Treatment in Muslim Heritage, by: Prof. Nil Sari
Hindiba is a plant of Middle Eastern lands that was under scrutiny in the different periods of Islamic medicine, for its therapeutic value as a drug for the treatment of various diseases, including cancer. The following detailed study by Professor Nil Sari, a renowned expert in this field, investigates the historical and medical aspects of the lasting fate hindiba had in Islamic and Ottoman Turkish medical traditions.

FULL ARTICLE: Tolerance or Compatibility? The Search for a Qur’anic Paradigm of Science, by: Assoc. Prof. Ahmad Dallal
In this illuminating analysis, Assoc. Prof. Ahmad Dallal produces an authoritative study of some episodes of the scientific exegis of the Holy text of Islam, the Qur’an, focusing on the exegesis (tafsir) of Fakhr al-Din al-Razi. In the second part of the article, he submits the modern discourse on Qur’an and science to a stimulating critical assessment.

FULL ARTICLE: The Arabic Sources of Jordanus de Nemore, by: Prof. Menso Folkerts and Prof. Richard Lorch
The following article by Professors Menso Folkerts and Richard Lorch, from Munich University in Germany, describes the influences of Arabic sciences in the works of Jordanus de Nemore, a scholar who flourished in Western Europe in the 13th century. The scientific texts composing the Jordanus corpus in mathematics, astronomy and mechanics display some of the first influences of Arabic learning, which began to be translated into Latin few decades earlier.

FULL ARTICLE: Islamic Automation, by: Dr. Gunalan Nadarajan
This short paper introduces a longer essay by Dr. Gunalan Nadarajan, Associate Dean of Research and Graduate Studies in the College of Arts and Architecture at Penn State University. The essay draws on the work of al-Jazari, the famous 13th century Islamic scholar, engineer and scientist.

The Clock of Civilisations, by: FSTC Limited
A fascinating presentation on the 800 years old Elephant clock of Al-Jazari which reflects the contributions of Greek, Egyptian, Indian, Chinese and Muslim civilisations.

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Muslim Heritage


This page contains a full list of the publications published on this website. The MuslimHeritage.com website contains hundreds of articles and many of them are shortened summaries extracted from the following academic publications.
Homepage - MuslimHeritage.com

Resources:

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FULL ARTICLE – Intro’ to the Islamic City, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4012
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

Selection of videos on Muslim Heritage:
FULL ARTICLE – A review of Muslim Geography, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4013
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE – Education in Islam, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4015
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FULL ARTICLE – Muslim Historians, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4016
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FULL ARTICLE – Contribution to Chemistry, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4017
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FULL ARTICLE – Intro’ to Musilm Agriculture, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4018
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE – Intro’ to Muslim Astronomy, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4019
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FULL ARTICLE – Muslim Observatories, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4020
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE – Civil Eng. – Dam Construction, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4021
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2001, 2002

FULL ARTICLE – Piri Reis World Maps, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4022
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2001, 2002

FULL ARTICLE – Islamic Social Sciences, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4023
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2001, 2002

FULL ARTICLE – Islam and Science, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4024
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2001, 2002

FULL ARTICLE: Introduction to Muslim Science, by: Dr. Salah Zaimeche
Whilst the period of Antiquity, the time of Greco-Roman civilisation, and the Renaissance receive high praise, the period in between (late fifth to the late fifteenth) is highly obscured. Read about those 1000 years of missing history.

FULL ARTICLE – Architecture of Muslim Spain, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4026
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2001, 2002

FULL ARTICLE – Architecture of the Abbassid, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4027
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FULL ARTICLE – Architecture under Umayyads, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4028
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FULL ARTICLE – Intro’ to Islamic Architecture, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4030
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2001, 2002

FULL ARTICLE – The Arch that never sleeps, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4031
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2001, 2002

FULL ARTICLE – Muslim Rocket Technology, by: Professor M. Mansour
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4036
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE – Muslim Control Eng., by: Professor M. Mansour
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4035
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE – Urinary Stone Disease, by: A M Dajani
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4040
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE – Interior Architecture of Desert Climate, by: Mr. Hadi Ali Shateh
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4037
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE – Abbasid Gardens, by: Prof. Dr. Qasim Al-Samarrai
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4038
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE – The Contribution of Ibn Sina to Earth Sciences., by: Dr. Munim M. Al-Rawi
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4039
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2002, 2003

FULL ARTICLE – Aspects of the Islamic Influence on Science and Learning in the Christian West, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4040
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE – Muslim Architecture Under Seljuk Patronage (1038-1327), by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4041
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE – Aspects of Mineralogy and Gemology, by: Professor Abdulkader M.Abed
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4043
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: The Little Known Tolerant and Humane Aspects of Muslim Civilisation, by: Salah Zaimeche BA, MA, PhD
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4044
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Ibn Hazm’s Philosophy and Thoughts on Science, by: Prof Salim al Hassani
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4045
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Islamic Coins during the Umayyad, Abbasid, Andalusian and Fatimid Dynasties, by: Wijdan Ali PhD.
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4046
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Mamluks, by: FSTC
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4047
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Spain’s Islamic Heritage: A Muslim’s Travelogue, by: Prof S M Ghazanfar
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4050
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: The Arab Contribution to Music of the Western World, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4052
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: The Muslim Carpet and the Origin of Carpeting, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4053
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Classical Science and Related Institutions within the Ottoman Administration, by: Salim Ayduz PhD
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4054
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: The Madrasas of the Ottoman Empire, by: Prof Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4055
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Ottoman Educational Institutions during the Reform Period, by: Prof Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4057
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: The Dialogue of Civilisations: Islamic Influences on European Renaissance, by: Prof S.M Ghazanfar
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4057
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: The Impact of Islam on Urban Development in North Africa, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4056
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: The Ottoman Ulema (Scholars), by: Prof Mehmet Ipsirli
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4059
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Myths and Fallacies Surrounding the Decline of Muslim Civilisation, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4060
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: The Mamluks in History, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4061
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Ottoman Cash Waqfs Revisited: The Case of Bursa 1555- 1823, by: Prof Murat Cizakca
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4062
COPYRIGHT: �© FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Celestial Globes Armillary Spheres, by: Jonathan Chang
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4063
COPYRIGHT�© FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Muslim Architecture under Ottoman Patronage (1326-1924), by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4064
COPYRIGHT© FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Introduction to Muslim Art, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4065
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FULL ARTICLE: Turkish Contributions to Scientific Work in Islam, by: Prof Aydin Sayili
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4066
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FULL ARTICLE: Al-Qayrawan (Tunisia), by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4067
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FULL ARTICLE: Constellations, Fixed Stars and the Zodiac in Islamic Astronomy, by: Salim Ayduz PhD
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4068
COPYRIGHT�© FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: The Impact of Islamic Science and Learning on England, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4069
COPYRIGHT© FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Morocco as a Great Centre of Islamic Science and Civilisation, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4070
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FULL ARTICLE: Sicily, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4071
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Granada – The Last Refuge of Muslims in Spain, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4072
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: The Map of America by Pîrî Reis, by: Professsor Sevim Tekeli
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4073
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2003, 2004

FULL ARTICLE: Turkish Contributions to Philosophical Culture, by: Professor Mehmet Aydin
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4074
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Decoding and Demystifying Da Vinci, by: Dr Zohor Shanan Idrisi
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4075
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Samarkand, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4076
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Merv, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4077
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FULL ARTICLE: Aleppo , by: FSTC Ltd
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4078
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FULL ARTICLE: Damascus, by: FSTC Ltd
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4079
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: The Observational Instruments of Istanbul Observatory, by: Professor Sevim Tekeli
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4080
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Hama, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4081
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FULL ARTICLE: Jerusalem, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4082
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Central Asian Contributions to the earlier phases of hospital building , by: Prof Aydin Sayili
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4083
COPYRIGHT © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Balkh Mosque, by: FSTC Ltd
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4084
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FULL ARTICLE: Ravy (Rayy), by: FSTC Ltd
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4085
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FULL ARTICLE:Cairo, by: FSTC Ltd
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4086
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FULL ARTICLE:Acoustic Solutions in Classic Ottoman Architecture, by: Professor Mutbul Kayili
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4087
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FULL ARTICLE: The Muslims Agricultural Revolution and its Influence on Europe, by: Dr Zohor Idrisi
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4088
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Baghdad, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4089
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FULL ARTICLE: Jewel of Chinese Muslims Heritage , by: Mohammed Khamouch
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4090
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FULL ARTICLE: A Look at the Topic ‘Zinyet’ (beauty) in the Canon by Ibn Sina, by: Professor Nil Akdeniz Sari
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4091
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Toledo, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4092
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FULL ARTICLE: Malaga, by: FSTC Limited
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4093
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FULL ARTICLE: Using an Astrolabe, by: Dr Emily Winterburn
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4094
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FULL ARTICLE: Seville, by: Dr Salah Zaimeche
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4095
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Scholars of Muslim Heritage: Professor Aydin Sayili, by: Professor Mubahat Turker-Kuyel
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4096
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: Educating the Ottoman Physician, by: Professor Nil Sari
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4097
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE: George Sarton and The History of Science, by: Professor Aydin Sayili
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 4098
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2005

FULL ARTICLE – Bediuzzaman and The Nursi Movement2, by: Dr. Talip Alp
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PUBLICATION NUMBER:
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2006

FULL ARTICLE – The Economic Theory of Ibn Khaldun and the Rise and Fall of Nations, by: Dr. Selim Cafer Karatas
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 401
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2006

FULL ARTICLE – Seeking Seamless Celestial Globes: An Interview with Emilie Savage-Smith, by: Najma Kazi
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 387
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2006

FULL ARTICLE – The Miracle of Light, by: H. Salih, M. Al-Amri and M. El Gomati
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 385
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2006

FULL ARTICLE – Artillery Trade of the Ottoman Empire, by: Dr. Salim Ayduz
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PUBLICATION NUMBER: 610
COPYRIGHT: © FSTC Limited 2006

FULL ARTICLE – Islamic Science of Weights (Original), by: Prof. Mohammed Abattouy
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FULL ARTICLE – Islamic Art as a Means of Cultural Exchange, by: H.R.H. Princess Wijdan Ali
With the expansion of Islam over a vast area of land, Muslim artists started to develop the traits they had borrowed from other civilizations, and created their own styles, motifs and fashion which conformed to the teachings of their own religion, thus shaping their own aesthetics.

FULL ARTICLE – Islam and the Origins of Contemporary Western Civilisation, by: Abdul-Hafez Helmy Mohammad
The contemporary Western civilisation is a great florescence and a wide-spectrum development of the preceding Islamic civilisation. The Islamic civilisation was a ring in the eternal chain of human progress, which opened its heart and mind to preceding civilisations, whatever might have been their sources and trends.

FULL ARTICLE – Turkish Medical History of the Seljuk Era, by: Prof. Dr. Ali Haydar Bayat
The science of medicine in the Turkish Seljuks was a continuation of the experience and knowledge of the Islamic medicine through the Seljuk geography. Hospitals that existed in the Muslim world before the Seljuks were developed and spread by them.

FULL ARTICLE – The Ottoman Empire and Europe: Cultural Encounters, by: Prof. Dr. Gunsel Renda
This article mainly covers the cultural encounters between Europe and the Ottomans who had become immediate neighbours on the Balkans and the Mediterranean after the Ottoman state expanded into Central Europe.

FULL ARTICLE – The Birth of the Science of Weights (Roman), by: Prof. Mohammed Abattouy
The paper brings out the contribution of Muslim scholars in the subject of mechanics; a subject hitherto little known. It analyzes historical significance of the Arabic science of weights.

FULL ARTICLE – Islamic Science of Weights (Roman), by: Prof. Mohammed Abattouy
This article includes the recent work by Professor Abattouy and his co-workers. The work has revealed the enormous wealth of Islamic literature on the science of weights. Their findings established that there is much larger account than usually assumed in history of science.

FULL ARTICLE – The Modern Hospital in Medieval Islam, by: Prof. Dr. Aydin Sayili
The hospital was one of the most developed institutions of medieval Islam and one of the high-water marks of the Muslim civilisation. The hospitals of medieval Islam were hospitals in the modern sense of the word

FULL ARTICLE – The Place of Central Asia in the History of Science and Culture, by: Prof. Dr. Aydin Sayili
Abu Ja`far Muhammad ibn Mûsâ al-Khwârazmî is a truly outstanding personality and a foremost representative of the supremacy of the Islamic World during the Middle Ages. Medieval Islam was largely responsible for the shaping of the canon of knowledge that dominated medieval European thought.

FULL ARTICLE – Transfer of Islamic Technology to the West, by: Prof. Dr. Ahmad Y. al-Hassan
The article covers the avenues which led to the transfer of the Islamic knowledge, from Al Andalus, Sicily and Byzantium to the Wars (crusades on the Islamic World), as well as commercial relations and also the translation of Arabic works.

FULL ARTICLE: Transfer of Modern Science and Technology to the Ottoman State, by: Dr. Salim Ayduz
Previous researches show that there are many translation activities in different fields in the eighteenth century. This article will provide a short introduction to the history of scientific activities in the Ottoman world until the eighteenth century.

FULL ARTICLE: The Emergence of Scientific Tradition in Islam, by: Prof. Alparslan Acikgenc
The definition and nature of science has long been an intriguing philosophical dilemma. In this essay Prof. Acikgenc discusses the substance of science, and related issues such as the scientific community, within an Islamic context.

FULL ARTICLE: Pioneers of Automatic Control Systems , by: Prof. Atilla Bir and Assoc. Dr. Mustafa Kacar

Although, the feedback concept which is lying in the foundation of dynamic systems has been perceived relative recently, the idea was understood and applied correctly by the Muslim scientists.

FULL ARTICLE: An Overview of Ottoman Scientific Activities, by: Prof. Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu
The scientific activities observed within the borders of the Ottoman Empire throughout the six centuries of history of the Ottomans displayed a unique course of development. Although the Ottomans had many shared elements from the viewpoint of historical heritage and tradition with the other Islamic societies remaining outside of the Ottoman Empire, they also had some differences due to the geographical location.

FULL ARTICLE: Contribution of Khwârazmî to Mathematics and Geography, by: Dr. N. Akmal Ayyubi
Mûsâ Al-Khwârazmî is one of the greatest scientific minds of the medieval period and most important Muslim mathematician who was justly called the ‘father of algebra’.

FULL ARTICLE: Attempts of Flight, Automatic Machines and Rocket Technology in Turkish History, by: Prof. Arslan Terzioglu
In the Islamic world, great importance was placed upon the study of natural sciences and technology. This article brings out some of the important works of Turkish Muslim scholars in the fields of automatic machines, clocks and rocket technology.

FULL ARTICLE: The “Observation Well”, by: Prof. Aydin Sayili
Observation wells received much historical interest relating to observatories. In this article Prof. Sayili describes the history of “observation wells” both in Islamic and European worlds.

FULL ARTICLE: Better Directions at Sea: The Piri Reis Innovation, by: Prof. Thomas D. Goodrich
The Ottoman Turk Pîrî Reis is truly a great figure in the history of cartography. Pîrî Reis has become well known for his two world maps and for his portolan, the Kitab-i Bahriye. By merging text and maps into one he tried to help sailors get where they want to go safely; he improved maritime directions.

FULL ARTICLE: The Art of Calligraphy in the Ottoman Empire, by: Prof. M. Ugur Derman
Ottoman Turks produced and perfected several varieties of Arabic script. All the various branches of the art of calligraphy, an art greatly loved and respected by the Ottoman Turks, were flourished particularly in the city of Istanbul.

FULL ARTICLE: Muslim Historians , by: Dr. Salah Zaimeche
The study of history has received a great deal of attention from Muslims over the centuries, from the time of the Prophet to modernity. This short article details some of the early historians and their work after the 15th Century. The historians considered in this short article are but a few names in a multitude of Muslim writers on history.

FULL ARTICLE: Scientific Contacts and Influences Between Islamic World and Europe:Case of Astronomy, by: Prof. Paul Kunitzsch
For more than a thousand years the Muslim East and the Christian West, notwithstanding the differences in matters of creed, ideology and social traditions and the intervening opposition of defenders of orthodoxy on both sides, cultivated science in mutual contact.

FULL ARTICLE: Logical Necessities in Mixed Equations By Abd Al-Hamîd Ibn Turk and the Algebra , by: Aydin Sayili
The famed Muslim scholar Al-Kwarazmi has long been known as the father of Algebra. In this article, Aydin Sayili presents an alternative view of the inception and development of Algebra.

FULL ARTICLE: Alfraganus and the Elements of Astronomy, by: Assoc. Prof. Yavuz Unat
Al-Farghânî, known in the West as Alfraganus , was one of the most famous astronomers of the 9th century. His book, Elements of Astronomy, written in 833 CE remained as the most popular text book on astronomy until the 15th century, both in the West and in the East.

FULL ARTICLE: The Article on the Quality of the Observations , by: Prof. Sevim Tekeli
Astronomy has for a long time been of keen interest of Muslims throughout centuries. This article by Professor Sevim Tekeli highlights the quality and precision of observations made by al-Urdi.

Quality of Observations, by: Prof. Sevim Tekeli
Astronomy has for a long time been of keen interest of Muslims throughout centuries. This article by Professor Sevim Tekeli highlights the quality and precision of observations made by al-Urdi.

FULL ARTICLE: Ottoman Maritime Arsenals , by: Prof. Idris Bostan
In this article Prof. Idris Bostan describes Ottoman shipbuilding efforts and achievements within the broader context of the progression of military technology and capability.

FULL ARTICLE: Mapping and Picturing: Maps as Records of History, by: Prof. Gunsel Renda
A study of historical maps and sea charts indicates that cartographers have often considered map making as an art as well as a science and aimed to record the different parts of the world not only with their topographical details but also with their history.

FULL ARTICLE: Calendars and Almanac in Islamic Civilization , by: Dr. Salim Ayduz
From early on Muslim scholars began to follow the movements of the sun and the moon in their endeavour to accurately measure time, and came to play a leading role in the advance of astronomical science.

FULL ARTICLE: Safi al-Din al-Urmawi and the Theory of Music, by: Dr. Fazli Arslan
In this detailed and well documented article, Dr. Fazli Arslan describes the work of one of the most important figures of the history of Middle Eastern music, Safi al-Din ‘Abd al-Mu’min al-Urmawi.

A Shared Legacy: Islamic Science East and West, by: FSTC Limited
The International Union of The History and Philosophy of Science – Commission on History of Science & Technology in Islamic Societies organizes an important conference.

FULL ARTICLE: The Valuable Contributions of al-Razi (Rhazes) in the History of Pharmacy, by: Dr. Sharif Kaf Al-Ghazal
Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariyya al-Razi was a physician, a chemist and a philosopher. In medicine, his contribution was so significant that it can only be compared to that of Ibn Sina.Al-Razi was also the first in the Islamic medical tradition to write a book based on home medical (remedial) advise entitled Man la yahduruhu al-tibb for the general public.

FULL ARTICLE: Al-Zahrawi (Albucasis) the Great Andalusian Surgeon, by: Dr. Sharif Kaf Al-Ghazal
Abu al-Qasim Khalaf ibn ‘Abbas al-Zahrawi (936-1013 CE) was simply the greatest Muslim surgeon. The European physicians and surgeons regarded him as a greater authority than even Galen, the ancient world’s acknowledged master.

FULL ARTICLE: The Origin of Bimaristans (Hospitals) in Islamic Medical History, by: Dr. Sharif Kaf Al-Ghazal
The physicians in the Islamic world put in mind to follow a precise system inside the hospitals so that it would be based upon academic graduation which fulfills two aims: First, the welfare of the patients to be dealt with their treatment according to the updated rules of medical treatment. Second, Bimaristans used for teaching medicine to the newly graduated physicians responsible to treat patients successfully. Therefore the Bimaristans in the Islamic world followed all the technical rules that fulfilled the two purposes together.

FULL ARTICLE: The Influence of Islamic Philosophy and Ethics on the Development of Medicine , by: Dr. Sharif Kaf Al-Ghazal
Although Islamic philosophy is of great diversity and richness, it is characterized by certain features that are of special significance for both an understanding of it and for an appraisal of its impact on the world at large.

FULL ARTICLE: Ibn al-Nafis and the Discovery of Pulmonary Circulation, by: Dr. Sharif Kaf Al-Ghazal
The major original contribution of Ibn al-Nafis that had a great significance in history was his discovery of the pulmonary circulatory, which was re-discovered by modern science after a lapse of three centuries. He was the first to correctly describe the constitution of the lungs and give a description of the bronchi and the interaction between the human body’s vessels for air and blood. Also, he elaborated the function of the coronary arteries as feeding the cardiac muscle.

FULL ARTICLE: The Legacy of Muslim Kung Fu Masters, by: Master Mohammed Khamouch
An important legacy of Islam in China is represented by Muslim Kung Fu, developed throughout history by Muslim Masters, who merged in their endeavour and training between physical and spiritual perfection. The following short survey by Mohammed Khamouch and the longer article referred to below by the same author analyse this legacy and shed light on its different historicfal and cultural dimensions.

FULL ARTICLE: Süleymaniye Medical Madrasa (Dar al-Tib) in the History of Ottoman Medicine, by: Dr. Salim Ayduz
This article discusses the emergence and origins of institutional Ottoman medical practice and learning, and provides an insight into the trade of expertise between the Ottoman provinces and further a field. It focuses on the Süleymaniye medical school built by Süleyman the Magnificent in the middle of the 16th century in Istanbul.

FULL ARTICLE: Ottoman Mining and Metal Working in the Balkans, by: Prof. H.H. Günhan Danisman
The article deals with the impact of Ottoman mining and metal working technology in the Balkans region on the fire-arms technology of Southeast Europe during the crucial period going from the 15th century through to the 17th century.

FULL ARTICLE: Sinan – A Great Ottoman Architect and Urban Designer, by: FSTC Limited
Sinan, called Mimar Sinan (Architect Sinan) and Mimar Koca Sinan (Great Architect Sinan), is the most celebrated of all Ottoman architects. In this article by Dr. Rabah Saoud, his architectural models are characterised. These models that perfected in the construction of mosques and other buildings, served as the basic themes for virtually all later Ottoman religious and civic architecture.

FULL ARTICLE: The Arabic Partial Version of Pseudo-Aristotle’s Mechanical Problems, by: Prof. Mohammed Abattouy
Based on manuscript evidence, the article presents a study of the historical and textual traditions of a fragment of Arabic mechanics which is also edited in Arabic and translated into English. This fragment, entitled Nutaf min al-hiyal, presents an Arabic translation of the theoretical part of the Probelama mechanica, a famous treatise of ancient mechanics attributed to Aristotle.

FULL ARTICLE: Hindiba – A Drug for Cancer Treatment in Muslim Heritage, by: Prof. Nil Sari
Hindiba is a plant of Middle Eastern lands that was under scrutiny in the different periods of Islamic medicine, for its therapeutic value as a drug for the treatment of various diseases, including cancer. The following detailed study by Professor Nil Sari, a renowned expert in this field, investigates the historical and medical aspects of the lasting fate hindiba had in Islamic and Ottoman Turkish medical traditions.

FULL ARTICLE: Tolerance or Compatibility? The Search for a Qur’anic Paradigm of Science, by: Assoc. Prof. Ahmad Dallal
In this illuminating analysis, Assoc. Prof. Ahmad Dallal produces an authoritative study of some episodes of the scientific exegis of the Holy text of Islam, the Qur’an, focusing on the exegesis (tafsir) of Fakhr al-Din al-Razi. In the second part of the article, he submits the modern discourse on Qur’an and science to a stimulating critical assessment.

FULL ARTICLE: The Arabic Sources of Jordanus de Nemore, by: Prof. Menso Folkerts and Prof. Richard Lorch
The following article by Professors Menso Folkerts and Richard Lorch, from Munich University in Germany, describes the influences of Arabic sciences in the works of Jordanus de Nemore, a scholar who flourished in Western Europe in the 13th century. The scientific texts composing the Jordanus corpus in mathematics, astronomy and mechanics display some of the first influences of Arabic learning, which began to be translated into Latin few decades earlier.

FULL ARTICLE: Islamic Automation, by: Dr. Gunalan Nadarajan
This short paper introduces a longer essay by Dr. Gunalan Nadarajan, Associate Dean of Research and Graduate Studies in the College of Arts and Architecture at Penn State University. The essay draws on the work of al-Jazari, the famous 13th century Islamic scholar, engineer and scientist.

The Clock of Civilisations, by: FSTC Limited
A fascinating presentation on the 800 years old Elephant clock of Al-Jazari which reflects the contributions of Greek, Egyptian, Indian, Chinese and Muslim civilisations.

Source :

http://www.muslimheritage.com/topics/default.cfm?articleID=824

Selection of videos on Muslim Heritage:

http://www.muslimheritage.com/topics/default.cfm?articleID=835

Topics

About FSTC
Agriculture
Art & Architecture
Art of Living
Economy
Education
Engineering
Events
Geography
History: General/Old World
Islam and Science
Language & Literature
Law
Manuscripts
Mathematics
Medicine
Military Science
Music Science
Muslim Heritage Interviews
Muslim Scholars
Nature
Philosophy
Science
Social Sciences
The Science of History
Town & City
Transfer of Science

Source: http://www.muslimheritage.com/topics/default.cfm

Earthquakes? Super Storms? Why?


Earthquakes? Super Storms? Why?

And whoever does an atom’s weight of evil will see it.

From Hadith: 

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 146 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira

The Prophet said, “The Hour (Last Day) will not be established until (religious) knowledge will be taken away (by the death of religious learned men), Earthquakes will be very frequent, time will pass quickly, afflictions will appear, murders will increase and money will overflow amongst you.” (See Hadith No. 85 Vol 1).

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 147 :
Narrated by Ibn ‘Umar

(The Prophet) said, “O Allah! Bless our Sham and our Yemen.” People said, “Our Najd as well.” The Prophet again said, “O Allah! Bless our Sham and Yemen.” They said again, “Our Najd as well.” On that the Prophet said, “There will appear Earthquakes and afflictions, and from there will come out the side of the head of Satan.”

Volume 1, Book 3, Number 80 :
Narrated by Anas

Allah’s Apostle said, “From among the portents of the Hour are (the following): 1. Religious knowledge will be taken away (by the death of Religious learned men). 2. (Religious) ignorance will prevail. 3. Drinking of Alcoholic drinks (will be very common). 4. There will be prevalence of open illegal sexual intercourse.

Volume 9, Book 88, Number 237 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira

Allah’s Apostle said, “The Hour will not be established (1) till two big groups fight each other whereupon there will be a great number of casualties on both sides and they will be following one and the same religious doctrine, (2) till about thirty Dajjals (liars) appear, and each one of them will claim that he is Allah’s Apostle, (3) till the religious knowledge is taken away (by the death of Religious scholars) (4) Earthquakes will increase in number (5) time will pass quickly, (6) afflictions will appear, (7) Al-Harj, (i.e., killing) will increase, (8) till wealth will be in abundance… so abundant that a wealthy person will worry lest nobody should accept his Zakat, and whenever he will present it to someone, that person (to whom it will be offered) will say, ‘I am not in need of it, (9) till the people compete with one another in constructing high buildings, (10) till a man when passing by a grave of someone will say, ‘Would that I were in his place (11) and till the sun rises from the West. So when the sun will rise and the people will see it (rising from the West) they will all believe (embrace Islam) but that will be the time when: (As Allah said,) ‘No good will it do to a soul to believe then, if it believed not before, nor earned good (by deeds of righteousness) through its Faith.’ (6.158) And the Hour will be established while two men spreading a garment in front of them but they will not be able to sell it, nor fold it up; and the Hour will be established when a man has milked his she-camel and has taken away the milk but he will not be able to drink it; and the Hour will be established before a man repairing a tank (for his livestock) is able to water (his animals) in it; and the Hour will be established when a person has raised a morsel (of food) to his mouth but will not be able to eat it.”

Source:
http://www.sahih-bukhari.com

http://www.tubeislam.com/playerfive/player.swf

Source:
http://www.tubeislam.com/video/7194/Islam-NewsRoom-Last-Day-Updates

WARNING – First Time Visitors:
This page is very long – because of large number of earthquakes recently –

All links only go to our websites & the U.S.G.S. Earthquake Center –
Report Any Earthquakes You See (bottom of this page)
The following video explains “WHY” this is all happening from Islamic Prophecies
Serious research and discoveries prove beyone a shadow of a doubt predictions
made by the prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, over 1,400 years ago.
Click image to watch VIDEO WITH YUSUF ESTES

DID YOU OR ANYONE – FEEL THIS EARTHQUAKE?Report Details Below(and your comments) Bottom of Page

Watch Here for More Earthquakes – Just in last few hours Major earthquakes 7.9M, 4.8M Somali, 6.3M; 5.1M; 4.4M and 4.2M and more coming! 

7.9M in Phillippines – others include 7.7 Russia (N. Pacific); Hawaii, Chili, USA, California, Iran, Russia, South America – Pacific Ocean – Even Texas all the way to Alaska and now – even in the small islands of Hawaii
So many earthquakes of high magnitude and increasing in strength – within few hundred miles of the largest cities on earth – (details below)

NOTE: Earthquakes pose significant risk to 75 million Americans in 39 states. In 2011 and 2012 significant seismic events worldwide demonstrated the importance of understanding earthquake hazards and developing tools to help plan and prepare for earthquakes.
Last March when a devastating magnitude- 9.0 Tohoku earthquake struck Japan, it was the country’s earthquake information systems that sent out an alert via TV, radio, the Internet and cell phones. But still it gave people about 200 miles away in Tokyo only up to 30 seconds to prepare before strong shaking from the epicenter reached them.
The people closer to the epicenter experienced the strongest shaking from this offshore event, received up to 5-10 seconds warning.
Question: How ready are we for all of this?
Did you know the prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, predicted this (and a lot more to come)?
Please take some time to learn about the times we are living in.
Click on the video above and see for yourself. If you don’t believe it after watching you only gave up a few minutes – But what if it is true? Think about what it could mean in your life (and the next life) – if what was predicted means more than just earthquakes… Read . . [click here for more]

Live Updates Every Few Minutes (below)
Earthquake Animations for US – Last 7 Days:
Latest Earthquake Info for USA, Alaska, Hawaii, Asia, South America, California

Red color = last 60 minutes Blue Color = Last 24 hours Yellow Color = Last 7 days
Box Color Tells When This Earthquake Happened
Red: last 60 minutes – Blue: 24 hrs – Yellow: 7 Days.
Earthquake Updates Hourly
Image Updated Every 60 minutes
earthquakes/recenteqsus/index.gif
Clcik for more details[
click here to see today’s earthquakes]

Western Hemesphere (large) India – Asia – South America – California
earthquakes in North America
Gulf Area, India, Asia, Russia, Indonesia, New Zealand,
Australia, Hawaii, Alaska, Canada, California, USA
South America
North America Earthquakes
Recent Earthquakes – Last 30 Days [NEW]


Source

http://www.islamnewsroom.com/earthquake-updates 

Surat Az-Zalzalah (The Earthquake) – سورة الزلزلة

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

99:1

When the earth is shaken with its [final] earthquake

Urdu

جب زمین بھونچال سے ہلا دی جائے گی

99:2

And the earth discharges its burdens

Urdu

اور زمین اپنے (اندر) کے بوجھ نکال ڈالے گی

99:3

And man says, “What is with it?” –

Urdu

اور انسان کہے گا کہ اس کو کیا ہوا ہے؟

99:4

That Day, it will report its news

Urdu

اس روز وہ اپنے حالات بیان کردے گی

99:5

Because your Lord has commanded it.

Urdu

کیونکہ تمہارے پروردگار نے اس کو حکم بھیجا (ہوگا )

99:6

That Day, the people will depart separated [into categories] to be shown [the result of] their deeds.

Urdu

اس دن لوگ گروہ گروہ ہو کر آئیں گے تاکہ ان کو ان کے اعمال دکھا دیئے جائیں

99:7
So whoever does an atom’s weight of good will see it,
Urdu

تو جس نے ذرہ بھر نیکی کی ہو گی وہ اس کو دیکھ لے گا

99:8

And whoever does an atom’s weight of evil will see it.

Urdu

اور جس نے ذرہ بھر برائی کی ہوگی وہ اسے دیکھ لے گا

Surat An-Nāzi`āt (Those who drag forth) – سورة النازعات

 

Earthquakes? Super Storms? Why?


Earthquakes? Super Storms? Why?

And whoever does an atom’s weight of evil will see it.

From Hadith: 

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 146 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira

The Prophet said, “The Hour (Last Day) will not be established until (religious) knowledge will be taken away (by the death of religious learned men), Earthquakes will be very frequent, time will pass quickly, afflictions will appear, murders will increase and money will overflow amongst you.” (See Hadith No. 85 Vol 1).

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 147 :
Narrated by Ibn ‘Umar

(The Prophet) said, “O Allah! Bless our Sham and our Yemen.” People said, “Our Najd as well.” The Prophet again said, “O Allah! Bless our Sham and Yemen.” They said again, “Our Najd as well.” On that the Prophet said, “There will appear Earthquakes and afflictions, and from there will come out the side of the head of Satan.”

Volume 9, Book 88, Number 237 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira

Allah’s Apostle said, “The Hour will not be established (1) till two big groups fight each other whereupon there will be a great number of casualties on both sides and they will be following one and the same religious doctrine, (2) till about thirty Dajjals (liars) appear, and each one of them will claim that he is Allah’s Apostle, (3) till the religious knowledge is taken away (by the death of Religious scholars) (4) Earthquakes will increase in number (5) time will pass quickly, (6) afflictions will appear, (7) Al-Harj, (i.e., killing) will increase, (8) till wealth will be in abundance… so abundant that a wealthy person will worry lest nobody should accept his Zakat, and whenever he will present it to someone, that person (to whom it will be offered) will say, ‘I am not in need of it, (9) till the people compete with one another in constructing high buildings, (10) till a man when passing by a grave of someone will say, ‘Would that I were in his place (11) and till the sun rises from the West. So when the sun will rise and the people will see it (rising from the West) they will all believe (embrace Islam) but that will be the time when: (As Allah said,) ‘No good will it do to a soul to believe then, if it believed not before, nor earned good (by deeds of righteousness) through its Faith.’ (6.158) And the Hour will be established while two men spreading a garment in front of them but they will not be able to sell it, nor fold it up; and the Hour will be established when a man has milked his she-camel and has taken away the milk but he will not be able to drink it; and the Hour will be established before a man repairing a tank (for his livestock) is able to water (his animals) in it; and the Hour will be established when a person has raised a morsel (of food) to his mouth but will not be able to eat it.”

Source:
http://www.sahih-bukhari.com

Source:
http://www.tubeislam.com/video/7194/Islam-NewsRoom-Last-Day-Updates

WARNING – First Time Visitors:
This page is very long – because of large number of earthquakes recently –

All links only go to our websites & the U.S.G.S. Earthquake Center –
Report Any Earthquakes You See (bottom of this page)
The following video explains “WHY” this is all happening from Islamic Prophecies
Serious research and discoveries prove beyone a shadow of a doubt predictions
made by the prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, over 1,400 years ago.
Click image to watch VIDEO WITH YUSUF ESTES

DID YOU OR ANYONE – FEEL THIS EARTHQUAKE?Report Details Below(and your comments) Bottom of Page

Watch Here for More Earthquakes – Just in last few hours Major earthquakes 7.9M, 4.8M Somali, 6.3M; 5.1M; 4.4M and 4.2M and more coming! 

7.9M in Phillippines – others include 7.7 Russia (N. Pacific); Hawaii, Chili, USA, California, Iran, Russia, South America – Pacific Ocean – Even Texas all the way to Alaska and now – even in the small islands of Hawaii
So many earthquakes of high magnitude and increasing in strength – within few hundred miles of the largest cities on earth – (details below)

NOTE: Earthquakes pose significant risk to 75 million Americans in 39 states. In 2011 and 2012 significant seismic events worldwide demonstrated the importance of understanding earthquake hazards and developing tools to help plan and prepare for earthquakes.
Last March when a devastating magnitude- 9.0 Tohoku earthquake struck Japan, it was the country’s earthquake information systems that sent out an alert via TV, radio, the Internet and cell phones. But still it gave people about 200 miles away in Tokyo only up to 30 seconds to prepare before strong shaking from the epicenter reached them.
The people closer to the epicenter experienced the strongest shaking from this offshore event, received up to 5-10 seconds warning.
Question: How ready are we for all of this?
Did you know the prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, predicted this (and a lot more to come)?
Please take some time to learn about the times we are living in.
Click on the video above and see for yourself. If you don’t believe it after watching you only gave up a few minutes – But what if it is true? Think about what it could mean in your life (and the next life) – if what was predicted means more than just earthquakes… Read . . [click here for more]

Live Updates Every Few Minutes (below)
Earthquake Animations for US – Last 7 Days:
Latest Earthquake Info for USA, Alaska, Hawaii, Asia, South America, California

Red color = last 60 minutes Blue Color = Last 24 hours Yellow Color = Last 7 days
Box Color Tells When This Earthquake Happened
Red: last 60 minutes – Blue: 24 hrs – Yellow: 7 Days.
Earthquake Updates Hourly
Image Updated Every 60 minutes
earthquakes/recenteqsus/index.gif
Clcik for more details[
click here to see today’s earthquakes]

Western Hemesphere (large) India – Asia – South America – California
earthquakes in North America
Gulf Area, India, Asia, Russia, Indonesia, New Zealand,
Australia, Hawaii, Alaska, Canada, California, USA
South America
North America Earthquakes
Recent Earthquakes – Last 30 Days [NEW]


Source

http://www.islamnewsroom.com/earthquake-updates 

Surat Az-Zalzalah (The Earthquake) – سورة الزلزلة

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

99:1

When the earth is shaken with its [final] earthquake

Urdu

جب زمین بھونچال سے ہلا دی جائے گی

99:2

And the earth discharges its burdens

Urdu

اور زمین اپنے (اندر) کے بوجھ نکال ڈالے گی

99:3

And man says, “What is with it?” –

Urdu

اور انسان کہے گا کہ اس کو کیا ہوا ہے؟

99:4

That Day, it will report its news

Urdu

اس روز وہ اپنے حالات بیان کردے گی

99:5

Because your Lord has commanded it.

Urdu

کیونکہ تمہارے پروردگار نے اس کو حکم بھیجا (ہوگا )

99:6

That Day, the people will depart separated [into categories] to be shown [the result of] their deeds.

Urdu

اس دن لوگ گروہ گروہ ہو کر آئیں گے تاکہ ان کو ان کے اعمال دکھا دیئے جائیں

99:7
So whoever does an atom’s weight of good will see it,
Urdu

تو جس نے ذرہ بھر نیکی کی ہو گی وہ اس کو دیکھ لے گا

99:8

And whoever does an atom’s weight of evil will see it.

Urdu

اور جس نے ذرہ بھر برائی کی ہوگی وہ اسے دیکھ لے گا

Surat An-Nāzi`āt (Those who drag forth) – سورة النازعات

 

Did Muhammad Do Miracles?


 Did Muhammad Do Miracles? 

 


Did Muhammad Do Miracles?
muhammad01

Check out our new website to ask scholars your questions and get plain and simple answers anyone can understand – with proof from Islam (The Quran and Its Meanings).

Salam alaykum Yusuf Estes – I have heard in your tapes and CDs, Prophet, peace be upon him.
Question: Did Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, have some miracles? (besides the Quran)

muhammad02Answer:

Yes! Absolutely brother, the prophet, peace be upon him, did have many miracles, and what’s more his miracles are considered even greater than other prophets, peace be upon them all.
I once heard a scholar give a talk on this subject based on what scholars have written on this subject of the prophet’s miracles. It was most excellent in that it brought out the miracles of other prophets and then the comparison to the prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, as the last and final prophet of Allah, peace be upon him.
Prophet Muhammad’s Miracles
[Editor’s note: A number of works have been authored concerning this topic or discussing this topic amongst them are: ibn Taymiyyah, Al-Jawab as-Sahih li man Baddala Din al-Masih; what was mentioned by ibn Kathir, Tarikh and adh-Dhahabi, Tarikh al-Islam; ibn Hajr, Fathul-Bari [6/582]
muhammad06Refer also to Khayru-d-Din Wanili, Mu`jazat al-Mustapha [3rd ed., Maktabah as-Sawadi, Jeddah]. Consult this for the evidences for what is mentioned in this chapter.]
The Messenger of Allah possesses many manifest miracles and signs demonstrating [his veracity], reaching thousands and they are well known.
From amongst them was the Qur’an, the manifest and clear miracle and brilliant proof, falsehood cannot approach it from before it or behind it. It is a revelation from One Who is All-Wise and Praiseworthy. It incapacitated the most eloquent of people in the most eloquent of times to produce a single chapter that would be comparable to it, even if the whole of creation were to gather for that purpose. Allah, the Exalted says,
“Say: If the whole of mankind and the jinn gathered in order to produce the like of this Qur’an, they could not produce the like of it, even if they assisted each other.” [Al-Israa’ (17): 88]
It challenged them to this despite their large numbers, their eloquence and their severe enmity, and it challenges them to this day.
muhammad07As for the other miracles, it is not possible to enumerate them all due to their huge number and renewing and increasing nature. However, I will mention some examples:
The splitting of the moon, water flowing from between his fingers, increasing the quantity of food and water, the glorification of the food, the palm tree yearning for him, stones greeting him, the talking of the poisoned leg [of roasted sheep], trees walking towards him, two trees that were far apart coming together and then parting again, the barren [and therefore dry] sheep giving milk, his returning the eye of Qatidah bin an-Nu`man to its place with his hand after it had slipped out, his spitting lightly into the eye of Ali when it had become inflamed and its being cured almost immediately, his wiping the leg of `Abdullah bin `Atiq whereupon he was immediately cured.
His informing of the places of death of the Day of Badr saying, ‘this is the place of such polytheists on the and-such a person.’ His informing of his killing Ubayy bin Khalaf, that a group of his nation would traverse an ocean and Umm Haram would be amongst them and this occurred. That all that was drawn together for him of the ends of the earth and displayed to him would be opened for his nation, that the treasures of the Chosroes would be spent by his nation in the Way of Allah, the Mighty and Magnificent. That he feared for his nation that they would be tempted by the wealth and allurement of this world and that the treasures of the Persians and Romans would be ours and that Suraqah bin Malik would wear the trousers of Chosroes.
muhammad09He informed us that Hasan bin `Ali would reconcile between two large warring parties of the Muslims, that Sa’d bin Abi Waqqas would live such that nations would benefit by him and others would be harmed. That an-Najashi had died on this particular day while he was in Ethiopia and that al-Aswad al-`Ansi had been killed on this particular day while he was in Yemen.
That the Muslims would fight the Turks who were described as having small eyes, wide faces and small, chiselled noses and that Yemen, Syria and Iraq would be conquered by the Muslims.
He informed us that the Muslims would comprise three armies, an army in Syria, and army in Yemen and an army in Iraq. That they would conquer Egypt, a land whose [unit of land measurement] was the Qirat, that they should deal with their people well for they have protection [being Copts] and ties of kinship [through Hajar]. That Awais al-Qarni would come to you from the auxiliaries of Yemen, he would be afflicted with leprosy and it would be healed except for the space of a dirham, and he indeed arrived during the rule of `Umar.
Muhammad messengerHe informed us that a group of his nation would always be upon the truth and that mankind would become many in number and that the Ansar would diminish in number and that the Ansar would not be given their due [with regards distribution of wealth and leadership]. That mankind would keep on asking questions until they would say, “Allah created the creation…” [Referring to the hadeeth, “the people would continue asking until they say, ‘this is Allah Who created everything…but who created Allah?'” (al-Bukhari and Muslim)]
He informed us that Ruwayfi` bin Thabit would live a long life, that Ammar bin Yasir would be killed by the transgressing group, that this nations shall divide into sects and that they would fight each other.
He informed us that a fire would emanate from the land of Hijaz and the likes of this. All of this occurred exactly as he (sallallahu `alayhe wa sallam) said it would.
He said to Thabit bin Qays, “You will live being praised… and you will die as a martyr”, and he lived being praised and was martyred at al-Yamamah. He said to `Uthman, “He would be afflicted by a severe trial.” [The meaning of severe trial is his being imprisoned in his house and his being killed by the transgressors.]
Muhammad art1He said about a person amongst the Muslims who had just fought a severe fight that
“He would be from amongst the denizens of the Fire”, and later he committed suicide. Wabisah bin Ma`bad came to him in order to ask him about righteousness and sin upon which he asked, “Have you come to ask about righteousness and sin?”
He said to `Ali, az-Zubair and al-Miqdad, “Go to the garden of Khakh for indeed there is Dha`inah” who has a book with her. [Dha`inah is the woman with whom Hasib al-Balta`ah (radhiAllahu `anhu) sent a letter to the people of Mecca in order to inform them of the plans of the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu `alayhe wa sallam) to fight them. It was concerning this that the first verses of Surah Mumtahinah were revealed.
The garden of Khakh is a place falling between Mecca and Madinah. Refer to Bukhari [no. 3983] and Muslim [no. 2494] and Tafsir ibn Kathir [4/344]]
They found her there but she initially denied having the book and then took it out from within her braids.
He said to Abi Hurayrah, when Satan had stolen some dates, “Indeed he shall return” and he did. He said to his wives, “The most prolific of you in giving charity will be the quickest of you to join me.” and it was so [Zaynab bint Jahsh (radhi Allahu `anha) was the most prolific of them in giving charity and was the first to die. Refer to Muslim [no. 2452].]
He said to ‘Abdullah bin Sallam, “You will remain upon Islam until you die.”
He (sallallahu `alayhe wa sallam) supplicated for Anas that his wealth and sons increase and that he should live a long life and it was so. He lived for more than one hundred years and not one of the Ansar was richer than he and one hundred and twenty of his children had already been buried before the arrival of al-Hajjaj [to Basrah]. This is detailed further in Sahih Bukhari and others. [Bukhari no. 1982]
He supplicated that Islam be strengthened through ‘Umar bin al-Khattab or Abu Jahl, and Allah strengthened it through `Umar (radiyAllahu `anhu). He supplicated against Suraqah bin Malik and the feet of his horse sank into the earth and he was thrown off, he called out asking for safe conduct and was granted it, then he asked the Prophet to make a supplication for him.
muhammad10He supplicated that Allah remove feeling the bitter cold and heat from `Ali and so never did he feel cold or hot. He supplicated for Hudhayfah, the night that he sent him to spy on the Confederates, that he not feel the cold and he did not until he had returned. He supplicated for ibn `Abbas that Allah grant him understanding of the religion and it was so. He supplicated against `Utbah bin Abi Lahb… that Allah cause a dog from amongst his dogs to overcome him and he was killed by a lion at az-Zarqa`. [This is how it is in all of the printed editions; perhaps the author means `Utaybah bin Abi Lahb for this description fits him. As for `Utbah, he accepted Islaam in the year of the Conquest of Mecca.]
He also supplicated for the descent of rain when they asked him to at the time of drought. There was not a single cloud in the sky, and then when he had supplicated, the clouds gathered like mountains and it rained until the next Friday. It rained so much that they had to come back and ask him to supplicate and stop the rain, so he supplicated and the rain stopped and they walked out into the glaring sun.
He (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) supplicated for Abu Talhah and his wife, Umm. Sulaym, that he bless them in the night they had spent together and she became pregnant and gave birth to `Abdullah. He had nine children and all of them were scholars.
He supplicated for the mother of Aba Hurayrah (radhi Allahu `anhu) that she be guided and Aba Hurayrah left to find her performing the ritual bath because she had accepted Islam. He supplicated for Umm Qays bint Muhsin, the sister of `Ukkasha, that she live a long life and we do not know of another woman who lived as long as she did. This was reported by an-Nasa’i the chapter concerning washing the deceased.
On the Day of Hunain he threw a handful of dirt at the disbelievers and said, “May their faces be disfigured”, and Allah, the Exalted, vanquished them, filling their eyes with dirt. He once went out to one hundred of the Quraysh who were waiting to do something horrible to him and he put dirt on their heads and went on his way without their seeing him.
He supplicated for the mother of Aba Hurayrah (radhi Allahu `anhu) that she be guided and Aba Hurayrah left to find her performing the ritual bath because she had accepted Islam. He supplicated for Umm Qays bint Muhsin, the sister of `Ukkasha, that she live a long life and we do not know of another woman who lived as long as she did. This was reported by an-Nasa’i the chapter concerning washing the deceased.
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Miracles of Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him

Did Muhammad Do Miracles?


 Did Muhammad Do Miracles? 

 


Did Muhammad Do Miracles?
muhammad01

Check out our new website to ask scholars your questions and get plain and simple answers anyone can understand – with proof from Islam (The Quran and Its Meanings).

Salam alaykum Yusuf Estes – I have heard in your tapes and CDs, Prophet, peace be upon him.
Question: Did Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, have some miracles? (besides the Quran)

muhammad02Answer:

Yes! Absolutely brother, the prophet, peace be upon him, did have many miracles, and what’s more his miracles are considered even greater than other prophets, peace be upon them all.
I once heard a scholar give a talk on this subject based on what scholars have written on this subject of the prophet’s miracles. It was most excellent in that it brought out the miracles of other prophets and then the comparison to the prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, as the last and final prophet of Allah, peace be upon him.
Prophet Muhammad’s Miracles
[Editor’s note: A number of works have been authored concerning this topic or discussing this topic amongst them are: ibn Taymiyyah, Al-Jawab as-Sahih li man Baddala Din al-Masih; what was mentioned by ibn Kathir, Tarikh and adh-Dhahabi, Tarikh al-Islam; ibn Hajr, Fathul-Bari [6/582]
muhammad06Refer also to Khayru-d-Din Wanili, Mu`jazat al-Mustapha [3rd ed., Maktabah as-Sawadi, Jeddah]. Consult this for the evidences for what is mentioned in this chapter.]
The Messenger of Allah possesses many manifest miracles and signs demonstrating [his veracity], reaching thousands and they are well known.
From amongst them was the Qur’an, the manifest and clear miracle and brilliant proof, falsehood cannot approach it from before it or behind it. It is a revelation from One Who is All-Wise and Praiseworthy. It incapacitated the most eloquent of people in the most eloquent of times to produce a single chapter that would be comparable to it, even if the whole of creation were to gather for that purpose. Allah, the Exalted says,
“Say: If the whole of mankind and the jinn gathered in order to produce the like of this Qur’an, they could not produce the like of it, even if they assisted each other.” [Al-Israa’ (17): 88]
It challenged them to this despite their large numbers, their eloquence and their severe enmity, and it challenges them to this day.
muhammad07As for the other miracles, it is not possible to enumerate them all due to their huge number and renewing and increasing nature. However, I will mention some examples:
The splitting of the moon, water flowing from between his fingers, increasing the quantity of food and water, the glorification of the food, the palm tree yearning for him, stones greeting him, the talking of the poisoned leg [of roasted sheep], trees walking towards him, two trees that were far apart coming together and then parting again, the barren [and therefore dry] sheep giving milk, his returning the eye of Qatidah bin an-Nu`man to its place with his hand after it had slipped out, his spitting lightly into the eye of Ali when it had become inflamed and its being cured almost immediately, his wiping the leg of `Abdullah bin `Atiq whereupon he was immediately cured.
His informing of the places of death of the Day of Badr saying, ‘this is the place of such polytheists on the and-such a person.’ His informing of his killing Ubayy bin Khalaf, that a group of his nation would traverse an ocean and Umm Haram would be amongst them and this occurred. That all that was drawn together for him of the ends of the earth and displayed to him would be opened for his nation, that the treasures of the Chosroes would be spent by his nation in the Way of Allah, the Mighty and Magnificent. That he feared for his nation that they would be tempted by the wealth and allurement of this world and that the treasures of the Persians and Romans would be ours and that Suraqah bin Malik would wear the trousers of Chosroes.
muhammad09He informed us that Hasan bin `Ali would reconcile between two large warring parties of the Muslims, that Sa’d bin Abi Waqqas would live such that nations would benefit by him and others would be harmed. That an-Najashi had died on this particular day while he was in Ethiopia and that al-Aswad al-`Ansi had been killed on this particular day while he was in Yemen.
That the Muslims would fight the Turks who were described as having small eyes, wide faces and small, chiselled noses and that Yemen, Syria and Iraq would be conquered by the Muslims.
He informed us that the Muslims would comprise three armies, an army in Syria, and army in Yemen and an army in Iraq. That they would conquer Egypt, a land whose [unit of land measurement] was the Qirat, that they should deal with their people well for they have protection [being Copts] and ties of kinship [through Hajar]. That Awais al-Qarni would come to you from the auxiliaries of Yemen, he would be afflicted with leprosy and it would be healed except for the space of a dirham, and he indeed arrived during the rule of `Umar.
Muhammad messengerHe informed us that a group of his nation would always be upon the truth and that mankind would become many in number and that the Ansar would diminish in number and that the Ansar would not be given their due [with regards distribution of wealth and leadership]. That mankind would keep on asking questions until they would say, “Allah created the creation…” [Referring to the hadeeth, “the people would continue asking until they say, ‘this is Allah Who created everything…but who created Allah?'” (al-Bukhari and Muslim)]
He informed us that Ruwayfi` bin Thabit would live a long life, that Ammar bin Yasir would be killed by the transgressing group, that this nations shall divide into sects and that they would fight each other.
He informed us that a fire would emanate from the land of Hijaz and the likes of this. All of this occurred exactly as he (sallallahu `alayhe wa sallam) said it would.
He said to Thabit bin Qays, “You will live being praised… and you will die as a martyr”, and he lived being praised and was martyred at al-Yamamah. He said to `Uthman, “He would be afflicted by a severe trial.” [The meaning of severe trial is his being imprisoned in his house and his being killed by the transgressors.]
Muhammad art1He said about a person amongst the Muslims who had just fought a severe fight that
“He would be from amongst the denizens of the Fire”, and later he committed suicide. Wabisah bin Ma`bad came to him in order to ask him about righteousness and sin upon which he asked, “Have you come to ask about righteousness and sin?”
He said to `Ali, az-Zubair and al-Miqdad, “Go to the garden of Khakh for indeed there is Dha`inah” who has a book with her. [Dha`inah is the woman with whom Hasib al-Balta`ah (radhiAllahu `anhu) sent a letter to the people of Mecca in order to inform them of the plans of the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu `alayhe wa sallam) to fight them. It was concerning this that the first verses of Surah Mumtahinah were revealed.
The garden of Khakh is a place falling between Mecca and Madinah. Refer to Bukhari [no. 3983] and Muslim [no. 2494] and Tafsir ibn Kathir [4/344]]
They found her there but she initially denied having the book and then took it out from within her braids.
He said to Abi Hurayrah, when Satan had stolen some dates, “Indeed he shall return” and he did. He said to his wives, “The most prolific of you in giving charity will be the quickest of you to join me.” and it was so [Zaynab bint Jahsh (radhi Allahu `anha) was the most prolific of them in giving charity and was the first to die. Refer to Muslim [no. 2452].]
He said to ‘Abdullah bin Sallam, “You will remain upon Islam until you die.”
He (sallallahu `alayhe wa sallam) supplicated for Anas that his wealth and sons increase and that he should live a long life and it was so. He lived for more than one hundred years and not one of the Ansar was richer than he and one hundred and twenty of his children had already been buried before the arrival of al-Hajjaj [to Basrah]. This is detailed further in Sahih Bukhari and others. [Bukhari no. 1982]
He supplicated that Islam be strengthened through ‘Umar bin al-Khattab or Abu Jahl, and Allah strengthened it through `Umar (radiyAllahu `anhu). He supplicated against Suraqah bin Malik and the feet of his horse sank into the earth and he was thrown off, he called out asking for safe conduct and was granted it, then he asked the Prophet to make a supplication for him.
muhammad10He supplicated that Allah remove feeling the bitter cold and heat from `Ali and so never did he feel cold or hot. He supplicated for Hudhayfah, the night that he sent him to spy on the Confederates, that he not feel the cold and he did not until he had returned. He supplicated for ibn `Abbas that Allah grant him understanding of the religion and it was so. He supplicated against `Utbah bin Abi Lahb… that Allah cause a dog from amongst his dogs to overcome him and he was killed by a lion at az-Zarqa`. [This is how it is in all of the printed editions; perhaps the author means `Utaybah bin Abi Lahb for this description fits him. As for `Utbah, he accepted Islaam in the year of the Conquest of Mecca.]
He also supplicated for the descent of rain when they asked him to at the time of drought. There was not a single cloud in the sky, and then when he had supplicated, the clouds gathered like mountains and it rained until the next Friday. It rained so much that they had to come back and ask him to supplicate and stop the rain, so he supplicated and the rain stopped and they walked out into the glaring sun.
He (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) supplicated for Abu Talhah and his wife, Umm. Sulaym, that he bless them in the night they had spent together and she became pregnant and gave birth to `Abdullah. He had nine children and all of them were scholars.
He supplicated for the mother of Aba Hurayrah (radhi Allahu `anhu) that she be guided and Aba Hurayrah left to find her performing the ritual bath because she had accepted Islam. He supplicated for Umm Qays bint Muhsin, the sister of `Ukkasha, that she live a long life and we do not know of another woman who lived as long as she did. This was reported by an-Nasa’i the chapter concerning washing the deceased.
On the Day of Hunain he threw a handful of dirt at the disbelievers and said, “May their faces be disfigured”, and Allah, the Exalted, vanquished them, filling their eyes with dirt. He once went out to one hundred of the Quraysh who were waiting to do something horrible to him and he put dirt on their heads and went on his way without their seeing him.
He supplicated for the mother of Aba Hurayrah (radhi Allahu `anhu) that she be guided and Aba Hurayrah left to find her performing the ritual bath because she had accepted Islam. He supplicated for Umm Qays bint Muhsin, the sister of `Ukkasha, that she live a long life and we do not know of another woman who lived as long as she did. This was reported by an-Nasa’i the chapter concerning washing the deceased.
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We have a special website just for the Prophet Of Islam
(coinsidentally called www.ProphetOfIslam.com)
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Miracles of Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him

Miracles of Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him


Miracles of Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him

 


muhammad3
More Miracles of Muhammad

This is a continuation of the article “Miracles of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him” as an answer to those non-Muslims who would like to know more about the Last Prophet of Allah, peace be upon him.
Bismillah Rahman Raheem Salam alaykum
(In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful)

Some of the Miracles of the Holy Prophet Muhammad

A number of miracles were bestowed upon and performed by Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) to establish the proof of his prophethood. The greatest miracle bestowed upon him was the revelation of the Qur’an.
The Qur’an is miraculous in a number of aspects: Its linguistic perfection and inimitability, its validation by recent historical, archaeological, and scientific discoveries, its prophecies and so on.
Unlike the miracles of other prophets before him, the miracle of the Qur’an is eternal. Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) also provided us with a number of true prophecies.
Below are accounts of the some of the other miracles of Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) . Before reading these, it helps to know something about the Science of Traditions (Arabic: Ahadith), an exacting and comprehensive system developed by early Muslim scholars to verify the chain of transmission of these accounts, as well as investigating the trustworthiness and capability of every narrator at every level of the chain.
This thorough authentication process ensures that these accounts are real, validated narrations of the sayings, actions, and tacit approvals of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him).
The Traditions mentioned below are all from Sahih al-Bukhari, the most authentic collection of ahadith.

Splitting of the Moon

“The Hour has drawn near, and the moon has been cleft asunder” [Qur’an 54:1]
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 388:
Narrated Abdullah:
The moon was cleft asunder while we were in the company of the Prophet, and it became two parts. The Prophet said, Witness, witness (this miracle).”

Food Multiplication

Volume 4, Book 56, Number 780:
Narrated Jabir:
My father had died in debt. So I came to the Prophet and said, “My father (died) leaving unpaid debts, and I have nothing except the yield of his date palms; and their yield for many years will not cover his debts. So please come with me, so that the creditors may not misbehave with me.”
The Prophet went round one of the heaps of dates and invoked (Allah), and then did the same with another heap and sat on it and said, “Measure (for them).” He paid them their rights and what remained was as much as had been paid to them.

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Water Multiplication

Volume 4, Book 56, Number 779:
Narrated ‘Abdullah:
We used to consider miracles as Allah’s Blessings, but you people consider them to be a warning. Once we were with Allah’s Apostle on a journey, and we ran short of water. He said, “Bring the water remaining with you.” The people brought a utensil containing a little water.
He placed his hand in it and said, “Come to the blessed water, and the Blessing is from Allah.” I saw the water flowing from among the fingers of Allah’s Apostle , and no doubt, we heard the meal glorifying Allah, when it was being eaten (by him).
Volume 4, Book 56, Number 777:
Narrated Al-Bara:
We were one-thousand-and-four-hundred persons on the day of Al-Hudaibiya (Treaty), and (at) Al-Hudaibiya (there) was a well. We drew out its water not leaving even a single drop.
The Prophet sat at the edge of the well and asked for some water with which he rinsed his mouth and then he threw it out into the well. We stayed for a short while and then drew water from the well and quenched our thirst, and even our riding animals drank water to their satisfaction.
Volume 1, Book 7, Number 340:
Narrated ‘Imran:
Once we were traveling with the Prophet and we carried on traveling till the last part of the night and then we (halted at a place) and slept (deeply).
There is nothing sweeter than sleep for a traveler in the last part of the night. So it was only the heat of the sun that made us to wake up and the first to wake up was so and so, then so and so and then so and so (the narrator ‘Auf said that Abu Raja’ had told him their names but he had forgotten them) and the fourth person to wake up was ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab. And whenever the Prophet used to sleep, nobody would wake him up till he himself used to get up as we did not know what was happening (being revealed) to him in his sleep.
So, ‘Umar got up and saw the condition of the people, and he was a strict man, so he said, “Allahu Akbar” and raised his voice with Takbir, and kept on saying it loudly till the Prophet got up because of it. When he got up, the people informed him about what had happened to them.
He said, “There is no harm (or it will not be harmful). Depart!” So they departed from that place, and after covering some distance the Prophet stopped and asked for some water to perform the ablution.
So he performed the ablution and the call for the prayer was pronounced and he led the people in prayer. After he finished from the prayer, he saw a man sitting aloof who had not prayed with the people.
He asked, “O so and so! What has prevented you from praying with us?” He replied, “I am junub and there is no water. ” The Prophet said, “Perform tayammum with (clean) earth and that is sufficient for you.”
Then the Prophet proceeded on and the people complained to him of thirst. So he got down and called a person (the narrator ‘Auf added that Abu Raja’ had named him but he had forgotten) and ‘Ali, and ordered them to go and bring water.
So they went in search of water and met a woman who was sitting on her camel between two bags of water. They asked, “Where can we find water?” She replied, “I was there (at the place of water) this hour yesterday and my people are behind me.” They requested her to accompany them. She asked, “Where?” They said, “To Allah’s Apostle .”
She said, “Do you mean the man who is called the Sabi’, (with a new religion)?” They replied, “Yes, the same person. So come along.”
They brought her to the Prophet and narrated the whole story. He said, “Help her to dismount.” The Prophet asked for a pot, then he opened the mouths of the bags and poured some water into the pot. Then he closed the big openings of the bags and opened the small ones and the people were called upon to drink and water their animals.
So they all watered their animals and they (too) all quenched their thirst and also gave water to others and last of all the Prophet gave a pot full of water to the person who was junub and told him to pour it over his body.
The woman was standing and watching all that which they were doing with her water. By Allah, when her water bags were returned the looked like as if they were more full (of water) than they had been before (Miracle of Allah’s Apostle)
Then the Prophet ordered us to collect something for her; so dates, flour and sawiq were collected which amounted to a good meal that was put in a piece of cloth.
She was helped to ride on her camel and that cloth full of food-stuff was also placed in front of her and then the Prophet said to her, “We have not taken your water but Allah has given water to us.” She returned home late. Her relatives asked her: “O so and so what has delayed you?”
She said, “A strange thing! Two men met me and took me to the man who is called the Sabi‘ and he did such and such a thing. By Allah, he is either the greatest magician between this and this (gesturing with her index and middle fingers raising them towards the sky indicating the heaven and the earth) or he is Allah’s true Apostle.”
Afterwards the Muslims used to attack the pagans around her abode but never touched her village. One day she said to her people, “I think that these people leave you purposely. Have you got any inclination to Islam?” They obeyed her and all of them embraced Islam.
Abu ‘Abdultah said: The word saba’a means “The one who has deserted his old religion and embraced a new religion.” Abul ‘Ailya said, “The Sabis are a sect of people of the Scripture who recite the Book of Psalms.”

Rain Supplication

Volume 8, Book 73, Number 115:
Narrated Anas:
A man came to the Prophet on a Friday while he (the Prophet) was delivering a sermon at Medina, and said, “There is lack of rain, so please invoke your Lord to bless us with the rain.” The Prophet looked at the sky when no cloud could be detected.
Then he invoked Allah for rain. Clouds started gathering together and it rained till the Medina valleys started flowing with water. It continued raining until the next Friday. Then that man (or some other man) stood up while the Prophet was delivering the Friday sermon, and said, “We are drowned; Please invoke your Lord to withhold it (rain) from us”.
The Prophet smiled and said twice or thrice, “O Allah! Please let it rain round about us and not upon us.” The clouds started dispersing over Medina to the right and to the left, and it rained round about Medina and not upon Medina. Allah showed them (the people) the miracle of His Prophet and His response to his invocation.

Lights to guide Companions

Volume 1, Book 8, Number 454:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Two of the companions of the Prophet departed from him on a dark night and were led by two lights like lamps (going in front of them from Allah as a miracle) lighting the way in front of them, and when they parted, each of them was accompanied by one of these lights till he reached their (respective) houses.

Crying of the stem of the Date-palm Tree

Volume 4, Book 56, Number 783:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
The Prophet used to deliver his sermons while standing beside a trunk of a datepalm. When he had the pulpit made, he used it instead. The trunk started crying and the Prophet went to it, rubbing his hand over it (to stop its crying).

Glorification of Allah by the Prophet’s meals

Volume 4, Book 56, Number 779:
Narrated ‘Abdullah:
We used to consider miracles as Allah’s Blessings, but you people consider them to be a warning. Once we were with Allah’s Apostle on a journey, and we ran short of water. He said, “Bring the water remaining with you.” The people brought a utensil containing a little water. He placed his hand in it and said, “Come to the blessed water, and the Blessing is from Allah.” I saw the water flowing from among the fingers of Allah’s Apostle, and no doubt, we heard the meal glorifying Allah, when it was being eaten (by him)

Expulsion of a liar’s corpse by the Earth

Volume 4, Book 56, Number 814:
Narrated Anas:
There was a Christian who embraced Islam and read Surat-al-Baqara and Al-Imran, and he used to write (the revelations) for the Prophet.
Later on he returned to Christianity again and he used to say: “Muhammad knows nothing but what I have written for him.”
Then Allah caused him to die, and the people buried him, but in the morning they saw that the earth had thrown his body out.
They said, “This is the act of Muhammad and his companions. They dug the grave of our companion and took his body out of it because he had run away from them.”
They again dug the grave deeply for him, but in the morning they again saw that the earth had thrown his body out. They said, “This is an act of Muhammad and his companions. They dug the grave of our companion and threw his body outside it, for he had run away from them.”
They dug the grave for him as deep as they could, but in the morning they again saw that the earth had thrown his body out.
So they believed that what had befallen him was not done by human beings and had to leave him thrown (on the ground).

Wolf Speaks

Volume 3, Book 39, Number 517:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, “While a man was riding a cow, it turned towards him and said, ‘I have not been created for this purpose (i.e. carrying), I have been created for sloughing.l” The Prophet added, “I, Abu Bakr and ‘Umar believe in the story.” The Prophet went on, “A wolf caught a sheep, and when the shepherd chased it, the wolf said, ‘Who will be its guard on the day of wild beasts, when there will be no shepherd for it except me?’ “After narrating it, the Prophet said, “I, Abu Bakr and ‘Umar too believe it.” Abu Salama (a sub-narrator) said, “Abu Bakr and ‘Umar were not present then.”
It has been written that a wolf also spoke to one of the companions of the Prophet near Medina as narrated in Fath-al-Bari:Narrated Unais bin ‘Amr: Ahban bin Aus said, “I was amongst my sheep. Suddenly a wolf caught a sheep and I shouted at it. The wolf sat on its tail and addressed me, saying, ‘Who will look after it (i.e. the sheep) when you will be busy and not able to look after it? Do you forbid me the provision which Allah has provided me?’ ” Ahban added, “I clapped my hands and said, ‘By Allah, I have never seen anything more curious and wonderful than this!’ On that the wolf said, ‘There is something (more curious) and wonderful than this; that is, Allah’s Apostle in those palm trees, inviting people to Allah (i.e. Islam).’ “Unais bin ‘Amr further said, “Then Ahban went to Allah’s Apostle and informed him what happened and embraced Islam.)” palm trees or other trees and share the fruits with me.”

Prophet’s Night Journey to Jerusalem (Arabic: Israa) and Ascent to the Heavens (Arabic: Miraj)

Volume 5, Book 58, Number 228:
Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:
Regarding the Statement of Allah”
“And We granted the vision (Ascension to the heavens) which We made you see (as an actual eye witness) was only made as a trial for the people.” (17.60)
Ibn Abbas added: The sights which Allah’s Apostle was shown on the Night Journey when he was taken to Bait-ul Maqdis (i.e. Jerusalem) were actual sights, (not dreams). And the Cursed Tree (mentioned) in the Quran is the tree of Zaqqum (itself) .
Volume 4, Book 54, Number 462:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The Prophet said, “On the night of my Ascent to the Heaven, I saw Moses who was a tall brown curly-haired man as if he was one of the men of Shan’awa tribe, and I saw Jesus, a man of medium height and moderate complexion inclined to the red and white colors and of lank hair. I also saw Malik, the gate-keeper of the (Hell) Fire and Ad-Dajjal amongst the signs which Allah showed me.” (The Prophet then recited the Holy Verse): “So be not you in doubt of meeting him’ when you met Moses during the night of Mi’raj over the heavens” (32.23)
Narrated Anas and Abu Bakra: “The Prophet said, “The angels will guard Medina from Ad-Dajjal (who will not be able to enter the city of Medina).”
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 227:
Narrated Abbas bin Malik:
Malik bin Sasaa said that Allah’s Apostle described to them his Night Journey saying, “While I was lying in Al-Hatim or Al-Hijr, suddenly someone came to me and cut my body open from here to here.” I asked Al-Jarud who was by my side, “What does he mean?” He said, “It means from his throat to his pubic area,” or said, “From the top of the chest.” The Prophet further said, “He then took out my heart. Then a gold tray of Belief was brought to me and my heart was washed and was filled (with Belief) and then returned to its original place. Then a white animal which was smaller than a mule and bigger than a donkey was brought to me.” (On this Al-Jarud asked, “Was it the Buraq, O Abu Hamza?” I (i.e. Anas) replied in the affirmative). The Prophet said, “The animal’s step (was so wide that it) reached the farthest point within the reach of the animal’s sight. I was carried on it, and Gabriel set out with me till we reached the nearest heaven.
When he asked for the gate to be opened, it was asked, ‘Who is it?’ Gabriel answered, ‘Gabriel.’ It was asked, ‘Who is accompanying you?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Muhammad.’ It was asked, ‘Has Muhammad been called?’ Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said, ‘He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!’ The gate was opened, and when I went over the first heaven, I saw Adam there. Gabriel said (to me). ‘This is your father, Adam; pay him your greetings.’ So I greeted him and he returned the greeting to me and said, ‘You are welcomed, O pious son and pious Prophet.’ Then Gabriel ascended with me till we reached the second heaven. Gabriel asked for the gate to be opened. It was asked, ‘Who is it?’ Gabriel answered, ‘Gabriel.’ It was asked, ‘Who is accompanying you?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Muhammad.’ It was asked, ‘Has he been called?’ Gabriel answered in the affirmative. Then it was said, ‘He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!’ The gate was opened.
When I went over the second heaven, there I saw Yahya (i.e. John) and ‘Isa (i.e. Jesus) who were cousins of each other. Gabriel said (to me), ‘These are John and Jesus; pay them your greetings.’ So I greeted them and both of them returned my greetings to me and said, ‘You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.’ Then Gabriel ascended with me to the third heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, ‘Who is it?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Gabriel.’ It was asked, ‘Who is accompanying you?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Muhammad.’ It was asked, ‘Has he been called?’ Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said, ‘He is welcomed, what an excellent visit his is!’ The gate was opened, and when I went over the third heaven there I saw Joseph. Gabriel said (to me), ‘This is Joseph; pay him your greetings.’ So I greeted him and he returned the greeting to me and said, ‘You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.’ Then Gabriel ascended with me to the fourth heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, ‘Who is it?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Gabriel’ It was asked, ‘Who is accompanying you?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Muhammad.’ It was asked, ‘Has he been called?’ Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said, ‘He is welcomed, what an excel lent visit his is!’
The gate was opened, and when I went over the fourth heaven, there I saw Idris. Gabriel said (to me), ‘This is Idris; pay him your greetings.’ So I greeted him and he returned the greeting to me and said, ‘You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.’ Then Gabriel ascended with me to the fifth heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, ‘Who is it?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Gabriel.’ It was asked. ‘Who is accompanying you?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Muhammad.’ It was asked, ‘Has he been called?’ Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said He is welcomed, what an excellent visit his is! So when I went over the fifth heaven, there I saw Harun (i.e. Aaron), Gabriel said, (to me). This is Aaron; pay him your greetings.’ I greeted him and he returned the greeting to me and said, ‘You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.’ Then Gabriel ascended with me to the sixth heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked. ‘Who is it?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Gabriel.’ It was asked, ‘Who is accompanying you?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Muhammad.’ It was asked, ‘Has he been called?’ Gabriel replied in the affirmative. It was said, ‘He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!’
When I went (over the sixth heaven), there I saw Moses. Gabriel said (to me),’ This is Moses; pay him your greeting. So I greeted him and he returned the greetings to me and said, ‘You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.’ When I left him (i.e. Moses) he wept. Someone asked him, ‘What makes you weep?’ Moses said, ‘I weep because after me there has been sent (as Prophet) a young man whose followers will enter Paradise in greater numbers than my followers.’ Then Gabriel ascended with me to the seventh heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, ‘Who is it?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Gabriel.’ It was asked,’ Who is accompanying you?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Muhammad.’ It was asked, ‘Has he been called?’ Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said, ‘He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!’
So when I went (over the seventh heaven), there I saw Abraham. Gabriel said (to me), ‘This is your father; pay your greetings to him.’ So I greeted him and he returned the greetings to me and said, ‘You are welcomed, O pious son and pious Prophet.’ Then I was made to ascend to Sidrat-ul-Muntaha (i.e. the Lote Tree of the utmost boundary) Behold! Its fruits were like the jars of Hajr (i.e. a place near Medina) and its leaves were as big as the ears of elephants. Gabriel said, ‘This is the Lote Tree of the utmost boundary) . Behold ! There ran four rivers, two were hidden and two were visible, I asked, ‘What are these two kinds of rivers, O Gabriel?’ He replied,’ As for the hidden rivers, they are two rivers in Paradise and the visible rivers are the Nile and the Euphrates.’
Then Al-Bait-ul-Ma’mur (i.e. the Sacred House) was shown to me and a container full of wine and another full of milk and a third full of honey were brought to me. I took the milk. Gabriel remarked, ‘This is the Islamic religion which you and your followers are following.’ Then the prayers were enjoined on me: They were fifty prayers a day. When I returned, I passed by Moses who asked (me), ‘What have you been ordered to do?’ I replied, ‘I have been ordered to offer fifty prayers a day.’ Moses said, ‘Your followers cannot bear fifty prayers a day, and by Allah, I have tested people before you, and I have tried my level best with Bani Israel (in vain). Go back to your Lord and ask for reduction to lessen your followers’ burden.’ So I went back, and Allah reduced ten prayers for me. Then again I came to Moses, but he repeated the same as he had said before. Then again I went back to Allah and He reduced ten more prayers. When I came back to Moses he said the same, I went back to Allah and He ordered me to observe ten prayers a day. When I came back to Moses, he repeated the same advice, so I went back to Allah and was ordered to observe five prayers a day.
When I came back to Moses, he said, ‘What have you been ordered?’ I replied, ‘I have been ordered to observe five prayers a day.’ He said, ‘Your followers cannot bear five prayers a day, and no doubt, I have got an experience of the people before you, and I have tried my level best with Bani Israel, so go back to your Lord and ask for reduction to lessen your follower’s burden.’ I said, ‘I have requested so much of my Lord that I feel ashamed, but I am satisfied now and surrender to Allah’s Order.’ When I left, I heard a voice saying, ‘I have passed My Order and have lessened the burden of My Worshippers.”
There’s More – A Lot More
Source:

Miracles of Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him


Miracles of Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him

 


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More Miracles of Muhammad

This is a continuation of the article “Miracles of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him” as an answer to those non-Muslims who would like to know more about the Last Prophet of Allah, peace be upon him.
Bismillah Rahman Raheem Salam alaykum
(In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful)

Some of the Miracles of the Holy Prophet Muhammad

A number of miracles were bestowed upon and performed by Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) to establish the proof of his prophethood. The greatest miracle bestowed upon him was the revelation of the Qur’an.
The Qur’an is miraculous in a number of aspects: Its linguistic perfection and inimitability, its validation by recent historical, archaeological, and scientific discoveries, its prophecies and so on.
Unlike the miracles of other prophets before him, the miracle of the Qur’an is eternal. Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) also provided us with a number of true prophecies.
Below are accounts of the some of the other miracles of Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) . Before reading these, it helps to know something about the Science of Traditions (Arabic: Ahadith), an exacting and comprehensive system developed by early Muslim scholars to verify the chain of transmission of these accounts, as well as investigating the trustworthiness and capability of every narrator at every level of the chain.
This thorough authentication process ensures that these accounts are real, validated narrations of the sayings, actions, and tacit approvals of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him).
The Traditions mentioned below are all from Sahih al-Bukhari, the most authentic collection of ahadith.

Splitting of the Moon

“The Hour has drawn near, and the moon has been cleft asunder” [Qur’an 54:1]
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 388:
Narrated Abdullah:
The moon was cleft asunder while we were in the company of the Prophet, and it became two parts. The Prophet said, Witness, witness (this miracle).”

Food Multiplication

Volume 4, Book 56, Number 780:
Narrated Jabir:
My father had died in debt. So I came to the Prophet and said, “My father (died) leaving unpaid debts, and I have nothing except the yield of his date palms; and their yield for many years will not cover his debts. So please come with me, so that the creditors may not misbehave with me.”
The Prophet went round one of the heaps of dates and invoked (Allah), and then did the same with another heap and sat on it and said, “Measure (for them).” He paid them their rights and what remained was as much as had been paid to them.

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Water Multiplication

Volume 4, Book 56, Number 779:
Narrated ‘Abdullah:
We used to consider miracles as Allah’s Blessings, but you people consider them to be a warning. Once we were with Allah’s Apostle on a journey, and we ran short of water. He said, “Bring the water remaining with you.” The people brought a utensil containing a little water.
He placed his hand in it and said, “Come to the blessed water, and the Blessing is from Allah.” I saw the water flowing from among the fingers of Allah’s Apostle , and no doubt, we heard the meal glorifying Allah, when it was being eaten (by him).
Volume 4, Book 56, Number 777:
Narrated Al-Bara:
We were one-thousand-and-four-hundred persons on the day of Al-Hudaibiya (Treaty), and (at) Al-Hudaibiya (there) was a well. We drew out its water not leaving even a single drop.
The Prophet sat at the edge of the well and asked for some water with which he rinsed his mouth and then he threw it out into the well. We stayed for a short while and then drew water from the well and quenched our thirst, and even our riding animals drank water to their satisfaction.
Volume 1, Book 7, Number 340:
Narrated ‘Imran:
Once we were traveling with the Prophet and we carried on traveling till the last part of the night and then we (halted at a place) and slept (deeply).
There is nothing sweeter than sleep for a traveler in the last part of the night. So it was only the heat of the sun that made us to wake up and the first to wake up was so and so, then so and so and then so and so (the narrator ‘Auf said that Abu Raja’ had told him their names but he had forgotten them) and the fourth person to wake up was ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab. And whenever the Prophet used to sleep, nobody would wake him up till he himself used to get up as we did not know what was happening (being revealed) to him in his sleep.
So, ‘Umar got up and saw the condition of the people, and he was a strict man, so he said, “Allahu Akbar” and raised his voice with Takbir, and kept on saying it loudly till the Prophet got up because of it. When he got up, the people informed him about what had happened to them.
He said, “There is no harm (or it will not be harmful). Depart!” So they departed from that place, and after covering some distance the Prophet stopped and asked for some water to perform the ablution.
So he performed the ablution and the call for the prayer was pronounced and he led the people in prayer. After he finished from the prayer, he saw a man sitting aloof who had not prayed with the people.
He asked, “O so and so! What has prevented you from praying with us?” He replied, “I am junub and there is no water. ” The Prophet said, “Perform tayammum with (clean) earth and that is sufficient for you.”
Then the Prophet proceeded on and the people complained to him of thirst. So he got down and called a person (the narrator ‘Auf added that Abu Raja’ had named him but he had forgotten) and ‘Ali, and ordered them to go and bring water.
So they went in search of water and met a woman who was sitting on her camel between two bags of water. They asked, “Where can we find water?” She replied, “I was there (at the place of water) this hour yesterday and my people are behind me.” They requested her to accompany them. She asked, “Where?” They said, “To Allah’s Apostle .”
She said, “Do you mean the man who is called the Sabi’, (with a new religion)?” They replied, “Yes, the same person. So come along.”
They brought her to the Prophet and narrated the whole story. He said, “Help her to dismount.” The Prophet asked for a pot, then he opened the mouths of the bags and poured some water into the pot. Then he closed the big openings of the bags and opened the small ones and the people were called upon to drink and water their animals.
So they all watered their animals and they (too) all quenched their thirst and also gave water to others and last of all the Prophet gave a pot full of water to the person who was junub and told him to pour it over his body.
The woman was standing and watching all that which they were doing with her water. By Allah, when her water bags were returned the looked like as if they were more full (of water) than they had been before (Miracle of Allah’s Apostle)
Then the Prophet ordered us to collect something for her; so dates, flour and sawiq were collected which amounted to a good meal that was put in a piece of cloth.
She was helped to ride on her camel and that cloth full of food-stuff was also placed in front of her and then the Prophet said to her, “We have not taken your water but Allah has given water to us.” She returned home late. Her relatives asked her: “O so and so what has delayed you?”
She said, “A strange thing! Two men met me and took me to the man who is called the Sabi‘ and he did such and such a thing. By Allah, he is either the greatest magician between this and this (gesturing with her index and middle fingers raising them towards the sky indicating the heaven and the earth) or he is Allah’s true Apostle.”
Afterwards the Muslims used to attack the pagans around her abode but never touched her village. One day she said to her people, “I think that these people leave you purposely. Have you got any inclination to Islam?” They obeyed her and all of them embraced Islam.
Abu ‘Abdultah said: The word saba’a means “The one who has deserted his old religion and embraced a new religion.” Abul ‘Ailya said, “The Sabis are a sect of people of the Scripture who recite the Book of Psalms.”

Rain Supplication

Volume 8, Book 73, Number 115:
Narrated Anas:
A man came to the Prophet on a Friday while he (the Prophet) was delivering a sermon at Medina, and said, “There is lack of rain, so please invoke your Lord to bless us with the rain.” The Prophet looked at the sky when no cloud could be detected.
Then he invoked Allah for rain. Clouds started gathering together and it rained till the Medina valleys started flowing with water. It continued raining until the next Friday. Then that man (or some other man) stood up while the Prophet was delivering the Friday sermon, and said, “We are drowned; Please invoke your Lord to withhold it (rain) from us”.
The Prophet smiled and said twice or thrice, “O Allah! Please let it rain round about us and not upon us.” The clouds started dispersing over Medina to the right and to the left, and it rained round about Medina and not upon Medina. Allah showed them (the people) the miracle of His Prophet and His response to his invocation.

Lights to guide Companions

Volume 1, Book 8, Number 454:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Two of the companions of the Prophet departed from him on a dark night and were led by two lights like lamps (going in front of them from Allah as a miracle) lighting the way in front of them, and when they parted, each of them was accompanied by one of these lights till he reached their (respective) houses.

Crying of the stem of the Date-palm Tree

Volume 4, Book 56, Number 783:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
The Prophet used to deliver his sermons while standing beside a trunk of a datepalm. When he had the pulpit made, he used it instead. The trunk started crying and the Prophet went to it, rubbing his hand over it (to stop its crying).

Glorification of Allah by the Prophet’s meals

Volume 4, Book 56, Number 779:
Narrated ‘Abdullah:
We used to consider miracles as Allah’s Blessings, but you people consider them to be a warning. Once we were with Allah’s Apostle on a journey, and we ran short of water. He said, “Bring the water remaining with you.” The people brought a utensil containing a little water. He placed his hand in it and said, “Come to the blessed water, and the Blessing is from Allah.” I saw the water flowing from among the fingers of Allah’s Apostle, and no doubt, we heard the meal glorifying Allah, when it was being eaten (by him)

Expulsion of a liar’s corpse by the Earth

Volume 4, Book 56, Number 814:
Narrated Anas:
There was a Christian who embraced Islam and read Surat-al-Baqara and Al-Imran, and he used to write (the revelations) for the Prophet.
Later on he returned to Christianity again and he used to say: “Muhammad knows nothing but what I have written for him.”
Then Allah caused him to die, and the people buried him, but in the morning they saw that the earth had thrown his body out.
They said, “This is the act of Muhammad and his companions. They dug the grave of our companion and took his body out of it because he had run away from them.”
They again dug the grave deeply for him, but in the morning they again saw that the earth had thrown his body out. They said, “This is an act of Muhammad and his companions. They dug the grave of our companion and threw his body outside it, for he had run away from them.”
They dug the grave for him as deep as they could, but in the morning they again saw that the earth had thrown his body out.
So they believed that what had befallen him was not done by human beings and had to leave him thrown (on the ground).

Wolf Speaks

Volume 3, Book 39, Number 517:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, “While a man was riding a cow, it turned towards him and said, ‘I have not been created for this purpose (i.e. carrying), I have been created for sloughing.l” The Prophet added, “I, Abu Bakr and ‘Umar believe in the story.” The Prophet went on, “A wolf caught a sheep, and when the shepherd chased it, the wolf said, ‘Who will be its guard on the day of wild beasts, when there will be no shepherd for it except me?’ “After narrating it, the Prophet said, “I, Abu Bakr and ‘Umar too believe it.” Abu Salama (a sub-narrator) said, “Abu Bakr and ‘Umar were not present then.”
It has been written that a wolf also spoke to one of the companions of the Prophet near Medina as narrated in Fath-al-Bari:Narrated Unais bin ‘Amr: Ahban bin Aus said, “I was amongst my sheep. Suddenly a wolf caught a sheep and I shouted at it. The wolf sat on its tail and addressed me, saying, ‘Who will look after it (i.e. the sheep) when you will be busy and not able to look after it? Do you forbid me the provision which Allah has provided me?’ ” Ahban added, “I clapped my hands and said, ‘By Allah, I have never seen anything more curious and wonderful than this!’ On that the wolf said, ‘There is something (more curious) and wonderful than this; that is, Allah’s Apostle in those palm trees, inviting people to Allah (i.e. Islam).’ “Unais bin ‘Amr further said, “Then Ahban went to Allah’s Apostle and informed him what happened and embraced Islam.)” palm trees or other trees and share the fruits with me.”

Prophet’s Night Journey to Jerusalem (Arabic: Israa) and Ascent to the Heavens (Arabic: Miraj)

Volume 5, Book 58, Number 228:
Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:
Regarding the Statement of Allah”
“And We granted the vision (Ascension to the heavens) which We made you see (as an actual eye witness) was only made as a trial for the people.” (17.60)
Ibn Abbas added: The sights which Allah’s Apostle was shown on the Night Journey when he was taken to Bait-ul Maqdis (i.e. Jerusalem) were actual sights, (not dreams). And the Cursed Tree (mentioned) in the Quran is the tree of Zaqqum (itself) .
Volume 4, Book 54, Number 462:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The Prophet said, “On the night of my Ascent to the Heaven, I saw Moses who was a tall brown curly-haired man as if he was one of the men of Shan’awa tribe, and I saw Jesus, a man of medium height and moderate complexion inclined to the red and white colors and of lank hair. I also saw Malik, the gate-keeper of the (Hell) Fire and Ad-Dajjal amongst the signs which Allah showed me.” (The Prophet then recited the Holy Verse): “So be not you in doubt of meeting him’ when you met Moses during the night of Mi’raj over the heavens” (32.23)
Narrated Anas and Abu Bakra: “The Prophet said, “The angels will guard Medina from Ad-Dajjal (who will not be able to enter the city of Medina).”
Volume 5, Book 58, Number 227:
Narrated Abbas bin Malik:
Malik bin Sasaa said that Allah’s Apostle described to them his Night Journey saying, “While I was lying in Al-Hatim or Al-Hijr, suddenly someone came to me and cut my body open from here to here.” I asked Al-Jarud who was by my side, “What does he mean?” He said, “It means from his throat to his pubic area,” or said, “From the top of the chest.” The Prophet further said, “He then took out my heart. Then a gold tray of Belief was brought to me and my heart was washed and was filled (with Belief) and then returned to its original place. Then a white animal which was smaller than a mule and bigger than a donkey was brought to me.” (On this Al-Jarud asked, “Was it the Buraq, O Abu Hamza?” I (i.e. Anas) replied in the affirmative). The Prophet said, “The animal’s step (was so wide that it) reached the farthest point within the reach of the animal’s sight. I was carried on it, and Gabriel set out with me till we reached the nearest heaven.
When he asked for the gate to be opened, it was asked, ‘Who is it?’ Gabriel answered, ‘Gabriel.’ It was asked, ‘Who is accompanying you?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Muhammad.’ It was asked, ‘Has Muhammad been called?’ Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said, ‘He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!’ The gate was opened, and when I went over the first heaven, I saw Adam there. Gabriel said (to me). ‘This is your father, Adam; pay him your greetings.’ So I greeted him and he returned the greeting to me and said, ‘You are welcomed, O pious son and pious Prophet.’ Then Gabriel ascended with me till we reached the second heaven. Gabriel asked for the gate to be opened. It was asked, ‘Who is it?’ Gabriel answered, ‘Gabriel.’ It was asked, ‘Who is accompanying you?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Muhammad.’ It was asked, ‘Has he been called?’ Gabriel answered in the affirmative. Then it was said, ‘He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!’ The gate was opened.
When I went over the second heaven, there I saw Yahya (i.e. John) and ‘Isa (i.e. Jesus) who were cousins of each other. Gabriel said (to me), ‘These are John and Jesus; pay them your greetings.’ So I greeted them and both of them returned my greetings to me and said, ‘You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.’ Then Gabriel ascended with me to the third heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, ‘Who is it?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Gabriel.’ It was asked, ‘Who is accompanying you?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Muhammad.’ It was asked, ‘Has he been called?’ Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said, ‘He is welcomed, what an excellent visit his is!’ The gate was opened, and when I went over the third heaven there I saw Joseph. Gabriel said (to me), ‘This is Joseph; pay him your greetings.’ So I greeted him and he returned the greeting to me and said, ‘You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.’ Then Gabriel ascended with me to the fourth heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, ‘Who is it?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Gabriel’ It was asked, ‘Who is accompanying you?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Muhammad.’ It was asked, ‘Has he been called?’ Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said, ‘He is welcomed, what an excel lent visit his is!’
The gate was opened, and when I went over the fourth heaven, there I saw Idris. Gabriel said (to me), ‘This is Idris; pay him your greetings.’ So I greeted him and he returned the greeting to me and said, ‘You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.’ Then Gabriel ascended with me to the fifth heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, ‘Who is it?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Gabriel.’ It was asked. ‘Who is accompanying you?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Muhammad.’ It was asked, ‘Has he been called?’ Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said He is welcomed, what an excellent visit his is! So when I went over the fifth heaven, there I saw Harun (i.e. Aaron), Gabriel said, (to me). This is Aaron; pay him your greetings.’ I greeted him and he returned the greeting to me and said, ‘You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.’ Then Gabriel ascended with me to the sixth heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked. ‘Who is it?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Gabriel.’ It was asked, ‘Who is accompanying you?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Muhammad.’ It was asked, ‘Has he been called?’ Gabriel replied in the affirmative. It was said, ‘He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!’
When I went (over the sixth heaven), there I saw Moses. Gabriel said (to me),’ This is Moses; pay him your greeting. So I greeted him and he returned the greetings to me and said, ‘You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.’ When I left him (i.e. Moses) he wept. Someone asked him, ‘What makes you weep?’ Moses said, ‘I weep because after me there has been sent (as Prophet) a young man whose followers will enter Paradise in greater numbers than my followers.’ Then Gabriel ascended with me to the seventh heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, ‘Who is it?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Gabriel.’ It was asked,’ Who is accompanying you?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Muhammad.’ It was asked, ‘Has he been called?’ Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said, ‘He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!’
So when I went (over the seventh heaven), there I saw Abraham. Gabriel said (to me), ‘This is your father; pay your greetings to him.’ So I greeted him and he returned the greetings to me and said, ‘You are welcomed, O pious son and pious Prophet.’ Then I was made to ascend to Sidrat-ul-Muntaha (i.e. the Lote Tree of the utmost boundary) Behold! Its fruits were like the jars of Hajr (i.e. a place near Medina) and its leaves were as big as the ears of elephants. Gabriel said, ‘This is the Lote Tree of the utmost boundary) . Behold ! There ran four rivers, two were hidden and two were visible, I asked, ‘What are these two kinds of rivers, O Gabriel?’ He replied,’ As for the hidden rivers, they are two rivers in Paradise and the visible rivers are the Nile and the Euphrates.’
Then Al-Bait-ul-Ma’mur (i.e. the Sacred House) was shown to me and a container full of wine and another full of milk and a third full of honey were brought to me. I took the milk. Gabriel remarked, ‘This is the Islamic religion which you and your followers are following.’ Then the prayers were enjoined on me: They were fifty prayers a day. When I returned, I passed by Moses who asked (me), ‘What have you been ordered to do?’ I replied, ‘I have been ordered to offer fifty prayers a day.’ Moses said, ‘Your followers cannot bear fifty prayers a day, and by Allah, I have tested people before you, and I have tried my level best with Bani Israel (in vain). Go back to your Lord and ask for reduction to lessen your followers’ burden.’ So I went back, and Allah reduced ten prayers for me. Then again I came to Moses, but he repeated the same as he had said before. Then again I went back to Allah and He reduced ten more prayers. When I came back to Moses he said the same, I went back to Allah and He ordered me to observe ten prayers a day. When I came back to Moses, he repeated the same advice, so I went back to Allah and was ordered to observe five prayers a day.
When I came back to Moses, he said, ‘What have you been ordered?’ I replied, ‘I have been ordered to observe five prayers a day.’ He said, ‘Your followers cannot bear five prayers a day, and no doubt, I have got an experience of the people before you, and I have tried my level best with Bani Israel, so go back to your Lord and ask for reduction to lessen your follower’s burden.’ I said, ‘I have requested so much of my Lord that I feel ashamed, but I am satisfied now and surrender to Allah’s Order.’ When I left, I heard a voice saying, ‘I have passed My Order and have lessened the burden of My Worshippers.”
There’s More – A Lot More
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